Survey of Current Business
September 2018
Volume 98, Number 9

Outdoor Recreation Satellite Account

Updated Statistics

PDF

On February 14, 2018, the Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) released prototype estimates of the Outdoor Recreation Satellite Account (ORSA), which provided estimates of the size and scope of the U.S. outdoor recreation economy for the first time. This article describes updated ORSA statistics, which build on the prototype by incorporating user feedback and improved data and methods. These updated ORSA statistics now include more detailed statistics by type of outdoor recreation activity, along with additional statistics that show the price-adjusted estimates (also referred to as “chained-dollar” or “real” estimates) of gross output and gross domestic product (GDP). Specifically, the updated ORSA provides estimates of the outdoor recreation economy’s contribution to current-dollar and chained-dollar gross output and GDP by industry, corresponding price and quantity indexes, as well as employment and compensation statistics.

The ORSA joins BEA’s growing suite of satellite accounts, which provide detailed information on key sectors of the U.S. economy, such as health care, travel and tourism, and arts and culture. Satellite accounts provide complementary statistics that do not change official U.S. economic statistics, including GDP. Instead, satellite accounts provide additional detail and allow for a more in-depth analysis of a specific sector or aspect of the economy. For this reason, satellite accounts may overlap, as is the case with the Travel and Tourism Satellite Account (TTSA) and the ORSA; both include estimates of travel and tourism for non-local outdoor recreation trips.

The ORSA was built using BEA’s comprehensive supply-use tables, which provide insight into the internal workings of the U.S. economy and detail the contribution of specific industries and commodities to GDP. The supply-use data detail the flows of goods and services purchased by each industry, the incomes earned from production in each industry, and the distribution of sales for each commodity. The goal of the ORSA is to highlight the outdoor recreation production and spending that is already present in the supply-use tables. In practice, the ORSA is a rearrangement of the current data to isolate outdoor recreation spending and production. A detailed methodology of the ORSA, including background information on BEA concepts and general national accounting methods, is available as part of the BEA paper series.

This article begins with a short summary of the revisions to the ORSA statistics since the prototype estimates were released in February 2018. Next, major findings from the updated results are described, with a focus on the chained-dollar estimates of value added and gross output. The last section describes the next steps for the project.

With the release of the prototype ORSA estimates in February 2018, BEA asked for feedback from data users and other stakeholders regarding the definitions and activities included in the ORSA, plus any other comments that users thought may be relevant to this satellite account. User responses generally fell into three categories: adding expenditures related to local outdoor recreation trips, providing more detail about individual outdoor activities in the gross output by activity table, and adding additional economic statistics. This user feedback was addressed in the updated ORSA statistics.

Specifically, the new ORSA statistics now include production related to all outdoor recreation trips, whether those trips are close to home or away from home (that is, at least 50 miles from home). The prototype ORSA estimates followed the definitions, framework, and estimating methods used for the TTSA and therefore excluded local trips. However, given the overwhelming user feedback, precedent in past outdoor recreation literature, and availability of data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics Time Use Survey, the new ORSA now includes production related to local outdoor recreation trips.

Additionally, the gross output by activity table has been expanded from 35 line items to 48 line items to show more detail about outdoor recreation activities. For example, the outdoor activity “guided tours/outfitted travel” in the prototype has been disaggregated into water guided tours/outfitted travel and air/land guided tours/outfitted travel.

Finally, the updated ORSA statistics include more than a dozen new tables over what was released as part of the prototype. These new tables show chained-dollar estimates of value added and gross output, plus the corresponding price indexes and growth rates associated with these chained estimates.

Value added

In 2016, the outdoor recreation economy accounted for 2.2 percent of nominal U.S. value added (chart 1). Value added is the value of the goods and services produced by the nation’s economy less the value of the goods and services used up in production. It is effectively a measure of GDP—or an industry’s contribution to GDP. For chained-dollar GDP, the outdoor recreation economy contributed $378.2 billion to the U.S. economy in 2016 (table A). Value added for the outdoor recreation economy is comparable in size to both the mining and utilities industries according to the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS).

The top industry contributor to chained-dollar GDP in 2016 was the arts, entertainment, recreation, accommodation, and food services industry ($94.0 billion), contributing 24.8 percent to total ORSA GDP (chart 2). The next largest industries were retail trade ($85.4 billion), manufacturing ($59.7 billion), wholesale trade ($33.4 billion), and transportation and warehousing ($29.7 billion).

The outdoor recreation economy grew 1.7 percent in 2016 (table B), faster than the 1.6 percent real growth for the overall economy. The fastest growing industry between 2015 and 2016 was agriculture, forestry, fishing, and hunting with a growth rate of 13.0 percent. Growth rates for other major industries include information (8.8 percent); federal government (4.7 percent); finance, insurance, real estate, rental, and leasing (3.7 percent); and construction (3.0 percent).

Table A. Outdoor Recreation Real Value Added by Industry
[Millions of chained (2012) dollars]
Line   2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
1 All industries 357,446 363,642 366,064 371,755 378,230
2 Private industries 335,834 341,506 343,977 349,899 356,156
3 Agriculture, forestry, fishing, and hunting 6,837 7,399 8,514 9,600 10,848
4 Farms 4,997 5,351 6,844 7,421 8,353
5 Forestry, fishing, and related activities 1,840 2,047 1,742 2,188 2,495
6 Mining 234 207 183 154 149
7 Oil and gas extraction 37 42 43 50 59
8 Mining, except oil and gas 188 154 127 94 86
9 Support activities for mining 9 10 10 7 5
10 Utilities 4 4 4 4 3
11 Construction 6,095 5,811 5,712 6,250 6,434
12 Manufacturing 53,511 55,910 58,212 58,171 59,741
13 Durable goods 18,538 19,046 19,248 19,166 19,566
14 Wood products 16 20 18 18 21
15 Nonmetallic mineral products 83 98 97 114 116
16 Primary metals 23 35 37 39 44
17 Fabricated metal products 996 1,146 1,074 1,255 1,363
18 Machinery 1,947 1,665 1,351 1,354 1,336
19 Computer and electronic products 787 842 962 826 1,347
20 Electrical equipment, appliances, and components 661 665 591 623 616
21 Motor vehicles, bodies and trailers, and parts 3,463 3,725 3,791 3,555 3,670
22 Other transportation equipment 6,430 6,764 7,412 7,384 7,225
23 Furniture and related products 154 88 102 77 88
24 Miscellaneous manufacturing 3,979 3,988 3,796 3,898 3,793
25 Nondurable goods 34,973 36,874 39,027 39,079 40,278
26 Food and beverage and tobacco products 6,767 6,812 6,864 6,464 6,553
27 Textile mills and textile product mills 2,131 2,062 1,986 2,102 2,702
28 Apparel and leather and allied products 2,562 3,059 3,324 2,940 3,252
29 Paper products 391 434 444 445 446
30 Printing and related support activities 241 163 189 175 179
31 Petroleum and coal products 16,838 18,306 19,862 21,262 21,457
32 Chemical products 5,700 5,769 6,156 5,831 5,715
33 Plastics and rubber products 343 303 324 339 358
34 Wholesale trade 32,853 31,084 33,323 33,553 33,416
35 Retail trade 82,011 86,977 82,649 83,962 85,382
36 Motor vehicle and parts dealers 8,335 8,265 7,966 9,310 9,838
37 Food and beverage stores 5,207 5,091 5,034 4,968 4,911
38 General merchandise stores 16,017 18,122 18,086 18,771 18,582
39 Other retail 52,452 55,528 51,618 50,959 52,051
40 Transportation and warehousing 27,669 29,173 30,013 30,187 29,716
41 Air transportation 17,727 18,730 19,253 19,664 20,133
42 Rail transportation 653 657 661 651 674
43 Water transportation 2,265 2,857 3,026 2,581 2,053
44 Truck transportation 3,791 3,839 3,986 4,168 4,014
45 Transit and ground passenger transportation 2,069 1,896 1,871 1,901 1,858
46 Pipeline transportation 393 395 405 417 411
47 Other transportation and support activities 741 791 812 784 646
48 Warehousing and storage 30 31 32 33 34
49 Information 1,600 1,646 1,678 1,825 1,985
50 Publishing industries, except Internet (includes software) 654 581 591 671 724
51 Motion picture and sound recording industries 71 72 74 78 81
52 Broadcasting and telecommunications 843 956 974 1,027 1,128
53 Data processing, Internet publishing, and other information services 31 37 40 49 55
54 Finance, insurance, real estate, rental, and leasing 20,740 20,264 17,535 18,914 19,614
55 Finance and insurance 3,142 2,993 3,413 3,863 3,808
56 Federal Reserve banks, credit intermediation, and related activities 316 295 294 297 291
57 Securities, commodity contracts, and investments 0 0 0 0 0
58 Insurance carriers and related activities 2,826 2,699 3,119 3,566 3,516
59 Funds, trusts, and other financial vehicles 0 0 0 0 0
60 Real estate and rental and leasing 17,598 17,271 14,129 15,060 15,820
61 Real estate 14,158 13,878 10,822 11,269 11,396
62 Housing 14,142 13,862 10,806 11,252 11,379
63 Other real estate 16 16 16 17 17
64 Rental and leasing services and lessors of intangible assets 3,440 3,393 3,310 3,809 4,532
65 Professional and business services 6,608 6,634 6,545 6,690 6,800
66 Professional, scientific, and technical services 1,275 1,322 1,382 1,459 1,553
67 Legal services 0 0 0 0 0
68 Computer systems design and related services 296 309 298 318 358
69 Miscellaneous professional, scientific, and technical services 979 1,014 1,083 1,140 1,196
70 Management of companies and enterprises 0 0 0 0 0
71 Administrative and waste management services 5,332 5,311 5,162 5,229 5,244
72 Administrative and support services 5,324 5,303 5,153 5,220 5,234
73 Waste management and remediation services 8 8 8 9 9
74 Educational services, health care, and social assistance 4,178 4,126 4,210 4,306 4,413
75 Educational services 3,382 3,325 3,393 3,462 3,563
76 Health care and social assistance 797 801 817 844 850
77 Ambulatory health care services 440 465 476 492 494
78 Hospitals 310 294 298 310 313
79 Nursing and residential care facilities 38 34 34 35 35
80 Social assistance 8 8 8 9 9
81 Arts, entertainment, recreation, accommodation, and food services 89,448 88,469 91,306 92,212 93,955
82 Arts, entertainment, and recreation 39,301 40,357 41,951 40,810 41,921
83 Performing arts, spectator sports, museums, and related activities 12,467 12,659 13,309 12,743 13,018
84 Amusements, gambling, and recreation industries 26,834 27,698 28,641 28,070 28,908
85 Accommodation and food services 50,148 48,118 49,364 51,398 52,027
86 Accommodation 27,644 28,985 29,301 30,978 31,374
87 Food services and drinking places 22,504 19,137 20,070 20,421 20,654
88 Other services, except government 4,047 3,946 4,123 4,159 4,155
89 Government 21,612 22,136 22,089 21,868 22,089
90 Federal 2,790 3,012 2,802 2,741 2,871
91 General government 2,769 2,989 2,775 2,707 2,833
92 National defense 1 1 1 1 1
93 Nondefense 2,769 2,988 2,774 2,706 2,833
94 Government enterprises 21 23 29 40 44
95 State and local 18,821 19,123 19,286 19,124 19,219
96 General government 18,064 18,294 18,426 18,344 18,440
97 Government enterprises 757 827 856 787 786
Table B. Percent Change in Outdoor Recreation Value Added Quantity Index by Industry
[Percent]
Line   2013 2014 2015 2016
1 All industries 1.7 0.7 1.6 1.7
2 Private industries 1.7 0.7 1.7 1.8
3 Agriculture, forestry, fishing, and hunting 8.2 15.1 12.8 13.0
4 Farms 7.1 27.9 8.4 12.5
5 Forestry, fishing, and related activities 11.3 −14.9 25.6 14.0
6 Mining −11.6 −11.7 −15.9 −3.2
7 Oil and gas extraction 13.7 3.4 14.6 18.9
8 Mining, except oil and gas −17.8 −17.8 −25.7 −8.7
9 Support activities for mining 7.2 −0.6 −24.4 −38.5
10 Utilities −4.4 −12.1 −1.5 −7.2
11 Construction −4.7 −1.7 9.4 3.0
12 Manufacturing 4.5 4.1 −0.1 2.7
13 Durable goods 2.7 1.1 −0.4 2.1
14 Wood products 24.7 −6.8 0.3 15.7
15 Nonmetallic mineral products 17.5 −0.7 17.6 1.2
16 Primary metals 52.2 5.4 5.7 13.7
17 Fabricated metal products 15.1 −6.3 16.8 8.7
18 Machinery −14.5 −18.9 0.3 −1.4
19 Computer and electronic products 7.0 14.2 −14.1 63.0
20 Electrical equipment, appliances, and components 0.5 −11.1 5.4 −1.1
21 Motor vehicles, bodies and trailers, and parts 7.6 1.8 −6.2 3.2
22 Other transportation equipment 5.2 9.6 −0.4 −2.2
23 Furniture and related products −42.5 15.4 −25.0 15.4
24 Miscellaneous manufacturing 0.2 −4.8 2.7 −2.7
25 Nondurable goods 5.4 5.8 0.1 3.1
26 Food and beverage and tobacco products 0.7 0.8 −5.8 1.4
27 Textile mills and textile product mills −3.2 −3.7 5.9 28.5
28 Apparel and leather and allied products 19.4 8.7 −11.6 10.6
29 Paper products 11.0 2.5 0.1 0.3
30 Printing and related support activities −32.2 15.9 −7.7 2.5
31 Petroleum and coal products 8.7 8.5 7.0 0.9
32 Chemical products 1.2 6.7 −5.3 −2.0
33 Plastics and rubber products −11.7 7.1 4.4 5.7
34 Wholesale trade −5.4 7.2 0.7 −0.4
35 Retail trade 6.1 −5.0 1.6 1.7
36 Motor vehicle and parts dealers −0.8 −3.6 16.9 5.7
37 Food and beverage stores −2.2 −1.1 −1.3 −1.1
38 General merchandise stores 13.1 −0.2 3.8 −1.0
39 Other retail 5.9 −7.0 −1.3 2.1
40 Transportation and warehousing 5.4 2.9 0.6 −1.6
41 Air transportation 5.7 2.8 2.1 2.4
42 Rail transportation 0.6 0.5 −1.5 3.6
43 Water transportation 26.2 5.9 −14.7 −20.4
44 Truck transportation 1.3 3.8 4.6 −3.7
45 Transit and ground passenger transportation −8.4 −1.3 1.6 −2.3
46 Pipeline transportation 0.4 2.7 2.8 −1.5
47 Other transportation and support activities 6.8 2.6 −3.5 −17.6
48 Warehousing and storage 2.0 5.7 3.1 0.9
49 Information 2.9 1.9 8.8 8.8
50 Publishing industries, except Internet (includes software) −11.1 1.7 13.4 7.9
51 Motion picture and sound recording industries 2.1 2.4 5.4 3.0
52 Broadcasting and telecommunications 13.4 1.8 5.5 9.7
53 Data processing, Internet publishing, and other information services 19.0 7.5 21.6 11.3
54 Finance, insurance, real estate, rental, and leasing −2.3 −13.5 7.9 3.7
55 Finance and insurance −4.7 14.0 13.2 −1.4
56 Federal Reserve banks, credit intermediation, and related activities −6.5 −0.4 1.2 −2.1
57 Securities, commodity contracts, and investments 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
58 Insurance carriers and related activities −4.5 15.6 14.3 −1.4
59 Funds, trusts, and other financial vehicles 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
60 Real estate and rental and leasing −1.9 −18.2 6.6 5.1
61 Real estate −2.0 −22.0 4.1 1.1
62 Housing −2.0 −22.0 4.1 1.1
63 Other real estate −1.6 3.7 2.7 3.1
64 Rental and leasing services and lessors of intangible assets −1.4 −2.4 15.1 19.0
65 Professional and business services 0.4 −1.3 2.2 1.6
66 Professional, scientific, and technical services 3.7 4.5 5.6 6.4
67 Legal services 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
68 Computer systems design and related services 4.3 −3.5 6.9 12.6
69 Miscellaneous professional, scientific, and technical services 3.5 6.8 5.3 4.9
70 Management of companies and enterprises 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
71 Administrative and waste management services −0.4 −2.8 1.3 0.3
72 Administrative and support services −0.4 −2.8 1.3 0.3
73 Waste management and remediation services 5.9 2.1 4.3 4.7
74 Educational services, health care, and social assistance −1.2 2.0 2.3 2.5
75 Educational services −1.7 2.0 2.0 2.9
76 Health care and social assistance 0.6 1.9 3.4 0.7
77 Ambulatory health care services 5.7 2.4 3.3 0.4
78 Hospitals −5.2 1.4 3.8 1.0
79 Nursing and residential care facilities −11.8 1.3 1.2 1.0
80 Social assistance 4.2 0.4 3.6 2.5
81 Arts, entertainment, recreation, accommodation, and food services −1.1 3.2 1.0 1.9
82 Arts, entertainment, and recreation 2.7 4.0 −2.7 2.7
83 Performing arts, spectator sports, museums, and related activities 1.5 5.1 −4.3 2.2
84 Amusements, gambling, and recreation industries 3.2 3.4 −2.0 3.0
85 Accommodation and food services −4.0 2.6 4.1 1.2
86 Accommodation 4.8 1.1 5.7 1.3
87 Food services and drinking places −15.0 4.9 1.8 1.1
88 Other services, except government −2.5 4.5 0.9 −0.1
89 Government 2.4 −0.2 −1.0 1.0
90 Federal 8.0 −7.0 −2.2 4.7
91 General government 7.9 −7.2 −2.5 4.7
92 National defense 7.2 8.3 −1.7 −2.1
93 Nondefense 7.9 −7.2 −2.5 4.7
94 Government enterprises 12.2 24.6 37.5 10.0
95 State and local 1.6 0.8 −0.8 0.5
96 General government 1.3 0.7 −0.4 0.5
97 Government enterprises 9.3 3.5 −8.1 0.0

Gross output

Total real gross output for the outdoor recreation economy in 2016 was $734.2 billion (table C). Gross output is principally a measure of sales or revenue from production for most industries. For core outdoor recreation activities, gross output includes the gear, equipment, fuel, concessions, maintenance, repair, and fees related to the activities. The largest core outdoor recreation activity was boating/fishing, with gross output of $36.9 billion. The next largest activities in 2016 were game areas (includes golfing and tennis) with a real gross output of $34.7 billion, RVing ($30.0 billion), guided tours/outfitted travel ($25.7 billion), and festivals/sporting events/concerts ($23.1 billion).1 Aside from the individual outdoor recreation activities, travel and tourism ($233.1 billion), multi-use apparel and accessories (conventional) ($83.3 billion), and local trips ($74.5 billion) proved to be significant contributors to gross output, accounting for over half (53%) of total gross output in 2016 (chart 3).2

Chart 3. Composition of Real Gross Output by Outdoor Recreation Category, 2016

[Click chart to expand]

Total real gross output of the outdoor recreation economy grew 2.5 percent between 2015 and 2016 (table D). The fastest growing activity was motorcycling/ATVing with a growth rate of 8.0 percent.3 Other quickly growing activities were equestrian (6.6 percent), productive activities (includes gardening) (6.3 percent), game areas (includes golfing and tennis) (6.2 percent), and hunting/shooting/trapping (6.2 percent).

Manufacturing, the industry with the largest real gross output in the outdoor recreation economy in 2016, accounted for $177.5 billion of gross output (table E). The next largest industries were arts, entertainment, recreation, accommodation, and food services ($170.2 billion); retail trade ($141.6 billion); transportation and warehousing ($68.9 billion); and wholesale trade ($51.1 billion).

The fastest growing industry for real gross output between 2015 and 2016 was agriculture, forestry, fishing, and hunting with a growth rate of 10.3 percent. Other fast-growing industries were information (8.7 percent), manufacturing (5.0 percent), construction (4.7 percent), and professional and business services (4.7 percent).

Table C. Outdoor Recreation Real Gross Output by Activity
[Millions of chained (2012) dollars]
Line   2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
1 Total outdoor recreation 679,386 691,902 698,212 716,426 734,228
2 Total core outdoor recreation 341,132 358,130 363,714 371,171 382,156
3 Conventional outdoor recreation 208,496 221,901 227,227 231,130 240,381
4 Bicycling 3,411 3,303 3,337 3,297 3,416
5 Boating/fishing 31,501 32,305 32,845 35,785 36,930
6 Canoeing 117 113 121 124 126
7 Kayaking 499 447 484 487 512
8 Fishing (excludes boating) 4,810 5,160 5,358 6,249 6,090
9 Sailing 1,896 1,934 2,039 2,065 2,258
10 Other boating 24,178 24,651 24,844 26,862 27,947
11 Climbing/hiking/tent camping 6,536 6,811 6,949 7,215 7,558
12 Equestrian 9,017 9,384 10,169 9,977 10,638
13 Hunting/shooting/trapping 9,496 11,439 11,365 13,088 13,898
14 Hunting/trapping 5,180 6,208 6,121 7,099 7,606
15 Shooting (includes archery) 4,316 5,231 5,244 5,989 6,290
16 Motorcycling/ATVing 18,970 18,659 19,045 18,764 20,266
17 Recreational flying 4,335 4,412 4,566 4,598 4,490
18 RVing 26,688 27,957 29,147 29,344 30,034
19 Snow activities 10,470 10,509 10,751 11,093 11,307
20 Skiing 2,829 2,839 3,016 3,173 3,198
21 Snowboarding 2,420 2,459 2,570 2,697 2,805
22 Other snow activities (includes snowmobiling)1 5,221 5,211 5,162 5,203 5,278
23 Other conventional outdoor recreation activities 17,065 17,302 17,163 17,356 18,477
24 Other conventional air and land activities2 15,512 15,739 15,488 15,463 16,823
25 Other conventional water activities3 1,553 1,563 1,673 1,875 1,689
26 Multi-use apparel and accessories (conventional)4 71,009 79,801 81,856 80,504 83,285
27 Other outdoor recreation 132,635 136,225 136,482 140,024 141,844
28 Amusement parks/water parks 14,807 15,439 15,733 16,559 16,855
29 Festivals/sporting events/concerts 22,122 22,549 23,153 23,210 23,148
30 Field sports 6,186 6,887 6,903 7,228 7,398
31 Game areas (includes golfing and tennis) 31,622 32,429 31,091 32,670 34,701
32 Guided tours/outfitted travel 27,256 27,756 28,783 27,788 25,735
33 Air and land guided tours/outfitted travel 15,064 15,723 16,733 16,688 16,191
34 Water guided tours/outfitted travel (includes boating and fishing charters) 12,192 12,034 12,054 11,107 9,558
35 Productive activities (includes gardening) 10,104 10,547 10,244 11,205 11,916
36 Other outdoor recreation activities5 14,839 14,843 15,079 15,859 16,372
37 Multi-use apparel and accessories (other)4 5,700 5,775 5,449 5,577 5,987
38 Supporting outdoor recreation 338,254 333,746 334,466 345,272 351,980
39 Construction 9,527 9,054 9,074 10,205 10,575
40 Local trips6 72,385 72,936 72,848 73,655 74,544
41 Travel and tourism7 224,902 219,989 220,784 228,574 233,070
42 Food and beverages 37,646 31,036 31,781 33,254 34,267
43 Lodging 46,673 47,578 45,869 48,094 48,922
44 Shopping and souvenirs 44,365 44,913 45,874 46,348 47,817
45 Transportation 96,219 96,492 97,326 100,915 101,952
46 Government expenditures 31,439 31,778 31,767 32,656 33,504
47 Federal government 3,947 4,175 3,864 3,849 4,006
48 State and local government 27,492 27,603 27,904 28,810 29,499
Table D. Percent Change in Outdoor Recreation Gross Output Quantity Index by Activity
[Percent]
Line   2013 2014 2015 2016
1 Total outdoor recreation 1.8 0.9 2.6 2.5
2 Total core outdoor recreation 5.0 1.6 2.1 3.0
3 Conventional outdoor recreation 6.4 2.4 1.7 4.0
4 Bicycling −3.2 1.0 −1.2 3.6
5 Boating/fishing 2.6 1.7 9.0 3.2
6 Canoeing −3.7 7.1 2.0 1.8
7 Kayaking −10.3 8.2 0.7 5.2
8 Fishing (excludes boating) 7.3 3.8 16.6 −2.5
9 Sailing 2.0 5.4 1.3 9.3
10 Other boating 2.0 0.8 8.1 4.0
11 Climbing/hiking/tent camping 4.2 2.0 3.8 4.7
12 Equestrian 4.1 8.4 −1.9 6.6
13 Hunting/shooting/trapping 20.5 −0.6 15.2 6.2
14 Hunting/trapping 19.9 −1.4 16.0 7.1
15 Shooting (includes archery) 21.2 0.3 14.2 5.0
16 Motorcycling/ATVing −1.6 2.1 −1.5 8.0
17 Recreational flying 1.8 3.5 0.7 −2.3
18 RVing 4.8 4.3 0.7 2.4
19 Snow activities 0.4 2.3 3.2 1.9
20 Skiing 0.3 6.2 5.2 0.8
21 Snowboarding 1.6 4.5 5.0 4.0
22 Other snow activities (includes snowmobiling)1 −0.2 −1.0 0.8 1.4
23 Other conventional outdoor recreation activities 1.4 −0.8 1.1 6.5
24 Other conventional air and land activities2 1.5 −1.6 −0.2 8.8
25 Other conventional water activities3 0.6 7.1 12.1 −9.9
26 Multi-use apparel and accessories (conventional)4 12.4 2.6 −1.7 3.5
27 Other outdoor recreation 2.7 0.2 2.6 1.3
28 Amusement parks/water parks 4.3 1.9 5.2 1.8
29 Festivals/sporting events/concerts 1.9 2.7 0.2 −0.3
30 Field sports 11.3 0.2 4.7 2.4
31 Game areas (includes golfing and tennis) 2.6 −4.1 5.1 6.2
32 Guided tours/outfitted travel 1.8 3.7 −3.5 −7.4
33 Air and land guided tours/outfitted travel 4.4 6.4 −0.3 −3.0
34 Water guided tours/outfitted travel (includes boating and fishing charters) −1.3 0.2 −7.9 −13.9
35 Productive activities (includes gardening) 4.4 −2.9 9.4 6.3
36 Other outdoor recreation activities5 0.0 1.6 5.2 3.2
37 Multi-use apparel and accessories (other)4 1.3 −5.6 2.3 7.4
38 Supporting outdoor recreation −1.3 0.2 3.2 1.9
39 Construction −5.0 0.2 12.5 3.6
40 Local trips6 0.8 −0.1 1.1 1.2
41 Travel and tourism7 −2.2 0.4 3.5 2.0
42 Food and beverages −17.6 2.4 4.6 3.0
43 Lodging 1.9 −3.6 4.9 1.7
44 Shopping and souvenirs 1.2 2.1 1.0 3.2
45 Transportation 0.3 0.9 3.7 1.0
46 Government expenditures 1.1 0.0 2.8 2.6
47 Federal government 5.8 −7.5 −0.4 4.1
48 State and local government 0.4 1.1 3.2 2.4
Table E. Outdoor Recreation Real Gross Output by Industry
[Millions of chained (2012) dollars]
Line   2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
1 All industries 679,386 691,902 698,212 716,426 734,228
2 Private industries 639,453 651,795 658,153 675,253 692,165
3 Agriculture, forestry, fishing, and hunting 11,333 11,741 13,542 14,591 16,088
4 Farms 8,546 8,563 10,496 11,377 12,639
5 Forestry, fishing, and related activities 2,786 3,175 3,080 3,262 3,523
6 Mining 418 357 321 253 234
7 Oil and gas extraction 60 66 83 80 97
8 Mining, except oil and gas 349 280 224 163 137
9 Support activities for mining 9 10 10 7 5
10 Utilities 6 5 5 5 4
11 Construction 8,495 8,190 8,201 9,132 9,562
12 Manufacturing 157,950 164,397 167,142 169,037 177,478
13 Durable goods 45,027 46,940 47,566 48,298 49,330
14 Wood products 20 25 23 22 27
15 Nonmetallic mineral products 151 172 169 214 207
16 Primary metals 36 52 58 50 64
17 Fabricated metal products 2,272 2,693 2,570 3,006 3,414
18 Machinery 5,189 4,255 3,378 3,435 3,412
19 Computer and electronic products 1,103 1,161 1,320 1,069 1,810
20 Electrical equipment, appliances, and components 1,289 1,235 1,149 1,184 1,138
21 Motor vehicles, bodies and trailers, and parts 10,266 11,616 12,500 12,591 12,813
22 Other transportation equipment 16,726 17,815 19,123 18,998 18,557
23 Furniture and related products 361 185 221 172 203
24 Miscellaneous manufacturing 7,614 7,718 7,036 7,514 7,705
25 Nondurable goods 112,924 117,455 119,584 120,672 128,686
26 Food and beverage and tobacco products 18,257 18,261 18,316 18,050 18,653
27 Textile mills and textile product mills 5,526 5,554 5,173 5,733 7,142
28 Apparel and leather and allied products 6,845 10,021 11,539 9,281 12,160
29 Paper products 932 987 984 984 1,005
30 Printing and related support activities 460 300 349 338 347
31 Petroleum and coal products 70,868 72,294 72,229 76,791 77,650
32 Chemical products 9,210 9,287 10,050 9,707 9,921
33 Plastics and rubber products 824 718 804 794 857
34 Wholesale trade 50,771 50,151 52,685 51,829 51,065
35 Retail trade 134,155 142,732 136,842 139,741 141,571
36 Motor vehicle and parts dealers 13,003 12,356 11,941 14,053 14,546
37 Food and beverage stores 7,389 7,268 7,229 7,215 7,163
38 General merchandise stores 25,351 27,856 27,084 27,659 26,916
39 Other retail 88,413 95,285 90,623 90,799 92,849
40 Transportation and warehousing 63,379 64,028 66,085 69,168 68,856
41 Air transportation 39,876 40,026 41,123 43,244 43,567
42 Rail transportation 1,145 1,138 1,175 1,181 1,199
43 Water transportation 7,583 7,798 8,353 8,562 8,394
44 Truck transportation 7,867 8,138 8,417 8,865 8,824
45 Transit and ground passenger transportation 3,410 3,282 3,286 3,334 3,214
46 Pipeline transportation 431 443 468 510 496
47 Other transportation and support activities 3,020 3,157 3,226 3,436 3,185
48 Warehousing and storage 48 49 49 53 54
49 Information 2,700 2,823 2,986 3,090 3,358
50 Publishing industries, except Internet (includes software) 962 950 960 941 993
51 Motion picture and sound recording industries 96 100 100 105 108
52 Broadcasting and telecommunications 1,586 1,712 1,858 1,968 2,175
53 Data processing, Internet publishing, and other information services 56 62 69 79 86
54 Finance, insurance, real estate, rental, and leasing 27,770 27,747 24,532 25,889 26,829
55 Finance and insurance 6,326 6,383 6,704 6,884 6,826
56 Federal Reserve banks, credit intermediation, and related activities 417 405 397 407 407
57 Securities, commodity contracts, and investments 0 0 0 0 0
58 Insurance carriers and related activities 5,909 5,979 6,307 6,477 6,420
59 Funds, trusts, and other financial vehicles 0 0 0 0 0
60 Real estate and rental and leasing 21,443 21,364 17,844 19,018 20,018
61 Real estate 15,844 15,665 12,126 12,727 13,006
62 Housing 15,826 15,648 12,108 12,709 12,987
63 Other real estate 18 17 18 18 19
64 Rental and leasing services and lessors of intangible assets 5,599 5,699 5,728 6,312 7,094
65 Professional and business services 12,118 12,205 12,572 13,335 13,967
66 Professional, scientific, and technical services 1,935 1,999 2,111 2,210 2,386
67 Legal services 0 0 0 0 0
68 Computer systems design and related services 296 309 298 318 358
69 Miscellaneous professional, scientific, and technical services 1,639 1,690 1,812 1,891 2,029
70 Management of companies and enterprises 0 0 0 0 0
71 Administrative and waste management services 10,183 10,206 10,460 11,125 11,579
72 Administrative and support services 10,175 10,198 10,451 11,116 11,570
73 Waste management and remediation services 8 8 8 9 9
74 Educational services, health care, and social assistance 6,768 6,739 6,970 7,227 7,458
75 Educational services 5,956 5,925 6,139 6,369 6,592
76 Health care and social assistance 811 814 830 857 864
77 Ambulatory health care services 441 466 477 492 494
78 Hospitals 322 305 309 320 324
79 Nursing and residential care facilities 41 36 36 36 37
80 Social assistance 8 8 8 9 9
81 Arts, entertainment, recreation, accommodation, and food services 157,658 154,954 160,264 165,674 170,248
82 Arts, entertainment, and recreation 73,162 75,158 77,160 79,375 82,095
83 Performing arts, spectator sports, museums, and related activities 20,641 21,002 21,615 21,838 21,778
84 Amusements, gambling, and recreation industries 52,521 54,156 55,545 57,547 60,361
85 Accommodation and food services 84,496 79,801 83,105 86,298 88,151
86 Accommodation 44,269 45,836 48,017 49,494 50,188
87 Food services and drinking places 40,228 33,967 35,089 36,808 37,968
88 Other services, except government 5,932 5,848 6,077 6,130 6,270
89 Government 39,933 40,108 40,062 41,174 42,068
90 Federal 4,315 4,488 4,158 4,118 4,267
91 General government 3,966 4,191 3,883 3,866 4,031
92 National defense 1 1 1 1 1
93 Nondefense 3,965 4,190 3,882 3,865 4,030
94 Government enterprises 350 296 274 252 235
95 State and local 35,617 35,620 35,905 37,058 37,802
96 General government 33,275 33,424 33,889 35,066 35,799
97 Government enterprises 2,343 2,198 2,021 2,000 2,013

Compensation and employment

In 2016, compensation (wages and benefits) for the outdoor recreation sector was $213.6 billion (table F), similar to compensation for the computer systems design and related services industry ($245.1 billion) and higher than the real estate and rental industry ($144.5 billion). The arts, entertainment, recreation, accommodation, and food services sector was the largest industry contributor to outdoor recreation compensation ($68.8 billion). Outdoor recreation compensation had an average annual growth rate of 3.8 percent between 2012 and 2016.

The outdoor recreation economy directly supported 4.55 million jobs in 2016 (chart 4). This is similar to the nondurable goods manufacturing industry (4.63 million) and larger than the educational services industry (3.61 million). The top five industries for outdoor recreation employment were arts, entertainment, recreation, accommodation, and food services (1.96 million); retail trade (1.37 million); manufacturing (275,000); state and local government (244,000); and transportation and warehousing (204,000) (table G). Employment for the outdoor recreation economy grew 1.1 percent annually, on average, between 2012 and 2016.

Chart 4. Outdoor Recreation Employment Compared With Selected NAICS Industries, 2016

[Click chart to expand]

Table F. Outdoor Recreation Compensation by Industry
[Millions of current dollars]
Line   2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
1 All industries 184,028 188,600 194,596 204,772 213,603
2 Private industries 164,308 168,163 173,629 183,175 191,321
3 Agriculture, forestry, fishing, and hunting 1,963 1,892 2,349 2,613 3,003
4 Farms 1,604 1,468 1,960 2,082 2,387
5 Forestry, fishing, and related activities 358 424 389 530 616
6 Mining 55 45 36 29 25
7 Oil and gas extraction 2 2 3 3 3
8 Mining, except oil and gas 48 39 29 23 20
9 Support activities for mining 4 4 4 3 2
10 Utilities 1 1 1 1 1
11 Construction 4,560 4,506 4,720 5,365 5,817
12 Manufacturing 17,736 18,234 18,887 19,845 21,397
13 Durable goods 9,399 9,452 9,822 10,555 11,432
14 Wood products 4 5 5 5 6
15 Nonmetallic mineral products 35 39 36 48 47
16 Primary metals 5 7 8 8 11
17 Fabricated metal products 517 605 617 704 798
18 Machinery 879 763 651 720 708
19 Computer and electronic products 400 395 449 394 588
20 Electrical equipment, appliances, and components 365 359 334 356 368
21 Motor vehicles, bodies and trailers, and parts 1,310 1,407 1,532 1,565 1,775
22 Other transportation equipment 3,734 4,092 4,444 4,739 4,788
23 Furniture and related products 83 45 57 45 56
24 Miscellaneous manufacturing 2,068 1,735 1,689 1,972 2,286
25 Nondurable goods 8,337 8,782 9,064 9,290 9,965
26 Food and beverage and tobacco products 1,886 1,978 2,064 2,076 2,164
27 Textile mills and textile product mills 1,463 1,431 1,320 1,447 1,980
28 Apparel and leather and allied products 1,794 2,167 2,283 2,222 2,330
29 Paper products 166 166 164 169 171
30 Printing and related support activities 138 91 109 105 112
31 Petroleum and coal products 1,328 1,390 1,349 1,403 1,392
32 Chemical products 1,415 1,432 1,633 1,723 1,658
33 Plastics and rubber products 146 126 144 145 158
34 Wholesale trade 12,579 12,884 13,704 14,458 14,151
35 Retail trade 42,874 45,077 43,539 45,162 45,734
36 Motor vehicle and parts dealers 3,810 3,994 4,116 4,673 4,825
37 Food and beverage stores 2,911 2,962 3,015 3,183 3,268
38 General merchandise stores 10,023 10,782 10,464 10,676 10,728
39 Other retail 26,129 27,338 25,945 26,629 26,913
40 Transportation and warehousing 14,042 14,636 15,061 16,118 17,226
41 Air transportation 9,109 9,522 9,844 10,432 11,378
42 Rail transportation 317 306 317 356 384
43 Water transportation 838 877 946 1,047 1,099
44 Truck transportation 2,044 2,171 2,228 2,441 2,462
45 Transit and ground passenger transportation 1,209 1,201 1,145 1,193 1,267
46 Pipeline transportation 66 61 63 70 70
47 Other transportation and support activities 447 488 507 565 551
48 Warehousing and storage 11 11 12 14 16
49 Information 551 534 574 614 652
50 Publishing industries, except Internet (includes software) 317 291 314 351 376
51 Motion picture and sound recording industries 21 21 24 28 31
52 Broadcasting and telecommunications 201 208 219 215 224
53 Data processing, Internet publishing, and other information services 12 14 16 19 21
54 Finance, insurance, real estate, rental, and leasing 2,894 2,879 2,897 3,065 3,159
55 Finance and insurance 1,395 1,368 1,472 1,542 1,566
56 Federal Reserve banks, credit intermediation, and related activities 112 116 111 118 121
57 Securities, commodity contracts, and investments 0 0 0 0 0
58 Insurance carriers and related activities 1,283 1,252 1,361 1,424 1,446
59 Funds, trusts, and other financial vehicles 0 0 0 0 0
60 Real estate and rental and leasing 1,499 1,510 1,425 1,523 1,592
61 Real estate 587 597 472 507 522
62 Housing 582 593 468 502 517
63 Other real estate 5 4 4 5 5
64 Rental and leasing services and lessors of intangible assets 912 914 952 1,016 1,070
65 Professional and business services 4,032 4,148 4,224 4,547 4,764
66 Professional, scientific, and technical services 896 960 1,039 1,170 1,284
67 Legal services 0 0 0 0 0
68 Computer systems design and related services 166 173 172 204 225
69 Miscellaneous professional, scientific, and technical services 729 786 867 966 1,058
70 Management of companies and enterprises 0 0 0 0 0
71 Administrative and waste management services 3,136 3,188 3,185 3,376 3,481
72 Administrative and support services 3,134 3,186 3,182 3,374 3,478
73 Waste management and remediation services 2 2 2 3 3
74 Educational services, health care, and social assistance 3,521 3,605 3,811 3,986 4,178
75 Educational services 3,088 3,170 3,365 3,528 3,714
76 Health care and social assistance 433 435 446 458 464
77 Ambulatory health care services 245 259 266 272 276
78 Hospitals 162 152 156 161 162
79 Nursing and residential care facilities 22 19 19 20 21
80 Social assistance 4 5 5 5 5
81 Arts, entertainment, recreation, accommodation, and food services 57,448 57,623 61,618 65,013 68,829
82 Arts, entertainment, and recreation 28,708 30,116 32,397 33,877 36,363
83 Performing arts, spectator sports, museums, and related activities 8,469 8,944 9,700 10,234 10,904
84 Amusements, gambling, and recreation industries 20,240 21,172 22,697 23,643 25,459
85 Accommodation and food services 28,740 27,507 29,221 31,136 32,466
86 Accommodation 14,404 15,085 15,987 16,839 17,367
87 Food services and drinking places 14,336 12,422 13,233 14,298 15,099
88 Other services, except government 2,053 2,100 2,211 2,359 2,385
89 Government 19,720 20,438 20,967 21,597 22,282
90 Federal 1,735 1,886 1,789 1,796 1,922
91 General government 1,723 1,875 1,779 1,784 1,911
92 National defense 0 0 0 0 0
93 Nondefense 1,723 1,875 1,779 1,784 1,910
94 Government enterprises 11 11 9 11 11
95 State and local 17,986 18,551 19,178 19,801 20,360
96 General government 15,747 16,336 17,148 17,634 18,113
97 Government enterprises 2,239 2,215 2,030 2,168 2,247
Table G. Outdoor Recreation Employment by Industry
[Thousands of employees]
Line   2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
1 All industries 4,345 4,339 4,365 4,443 4,546
2 Private industries 4,089 4,076 4,103 4,181 4,280
3 Agriculture, forestry, fishing, and hunting 42 41 50 53 54
4 Farms 38 37 45 47 48
5 Forestry, fishing, and related activities 4 4 5 6 5
6 Mining 1 0 0 0 0
7 Oil and gas extraction 0 0 0 0 0
8 Mining, except oil and gas 1 0 0 0 0
9 Support activities for mining 0 0 0 0 0
10 Utilities 0 0 0 0 0
11 Construction 44 49 51 54 56
12 Manufacturing 259 269 266 267 275
13 Durable goods 131 132 130 133 140
14 Wood products 0 0 0 0 0
15 Nonmetallic mineral products 1 1 1 1 1
16 Primary metals 0 0 0 0 0
17 Fabricated metal products 6 7 7 8 8
18 Machinery 10 9 7 7 7
19 Computer and electronic products 3 3 4 3 6
20 Electrical equipment, appliances, and components 4 4 4 4 4
21 Motor vehicles, bodies and trailers, and parts 33 35 35 36 38
22 Other transportation equipment 43 44 45 45 46
23 Furniture and related products 2 1 1 1 1
24 Miscellaneous manufacturing 28 28 27 28 30
25 Nondurable goods 128 137 136 134 134
26 Food and beverage and tobacco products 35 35 35 36 37
27 Textile mills and textile product mills 28 26 24 25 31
28 Apparel and leather and allied products 40 52 52 49 41
29 Paper products 2 2 2 2 2
30 Printing and related support activities 2 2 2 2 2
31 Petroleum and coal products 7 7 7 7 7
32 Chemical products 12 11 12 12 11
33 Plastics and rubber products 2 2 2 2 2
34 Wholesale trade 149 151 155 160 157
35 Retail trade 1,373 1,406 1,353 1,361 1,365
36 Motor vehicle and parts dealers 78 79 81 87 89
37 Food and beverage stores 102 103 105 107 108
38 General merchandise stores 437 436 430 432 433
39 Other retail 757 787 737 735 735
40 Transportation and warehousing 198 196 196 200 204
41 Air transportation 104 100 100 101 103
42 Rail transportation 3 3 3 3 3
43 Water transportation 8 9 9 10 10
44 Truck transportation 37 38 38 41 41
45 Transit and ground passenger transportation 31 30 29 29 29
46 Pipeline transportation 1 1 1 1 1
47 Other transportation and support activities 14 15 15 16 16
48 Warehousing and storage 0 0 0 0 1
49 Information 6 6 6 6 6
50 Publishing industries, except Internet (includes software) 3 3 3 3 3
51 Motion picture and sound recording industries 0 0 0 0 0
52 Broadcasting and telecommunications 2 2 2 2 2
53 Data processing, Internet publishing, and other information services 0 0 0 0 0
54 Finance, insurance, real estate, rental, and leasing 41 41 39 41 41
55 Finance and insurance 17 17 17 17 16
56 Federal Reserve banks, credit intermediation, and related activities 2 2 2 1 1
57 Securities, commodity contracts, and investments 0 0 0 0 0
58 Insurance carriers and related activities 16 15 15 15 15
59 Funds, trusts, and other financial vehicles 0 0 0 0 0
60 Real estate and rental and leasing 24 24 23 24 24
61 Real estate 7 7 5 5 5
62 Housing 7 7 5 5 5
63 Other real estate 0 0 0 0 0
64 Rental and leasing services and lessors of intangible assets 16 17 17 18 19
65 Professional and business services 61 60 60 63 68
66 Professional, scientific, and technical services 18 19 19 20 22
67 Legal services 0 0 0 0 0
68 Computer systems design and related services 2 2 2 2 2
69 Miscellaneous professional, scientific, and technical services 16 17 17 18 19
70 Management of companies and enterprises 0 0 0 0 0
71 Administrative and waste management services 43 42 41 43 47
72 Administrative and support services 43 42 41 43 47
73 Waste management and remediation services 0 0 0 0 0
74 Educational services, health care, and social assistance 46 48 50 52 54
75 Educational services 40 42 45 46 48
76 Health care and social assistance 6 6 6 6 6
77 Ambulatory health care services 3 3 3 3 3
78 Hospitals 2 2 2 2 2
79 Nursing and residential care facilities 1 1 1 1 1
80 Social assistance 0 0 0 0 0
81 Arts, entertainment, recreation, accommodation, and food services 1,826 1,764 1,828 1,877 1,956
82 Arts, entertainment, and recreation 767 789 832 850 901
83 Performing arts, spectator sports, museums, and related activities 75 78 82 84 86
84 Amusements, gambling, and recreation industries 691 711 750 766 815
85 Accommodation and food services 1,060 975 996 1,027 1,055
86 Accommodation 385 395 404 418 427
87 Food services and drinking places 675 580 591 609 628
88 Other services, except government 44 44 46 46 46
89 Government 256 262 263 263 266
90 Federal 22 23 21 21 22
91 General government 18 20 18 18 19
92 National defense 0 0 0 0 0
93 Nondefense 18 20 18 18 19
94 Government enterprises 4 4 3 3 4
95 State and local 234 239 241 242 244
96 General government 203 207 212 211 213
97 Government enterprises 31 32 30 30 31

BEA developed the ORSA under a 2-year interagency agreement with the Department of Interior and other federal agencies that serve as stewards of public land and waterways and as stipulated in the “Outdoor Recreation Jobs and Economy Act of 2016.” Subject to time, data, resource, and funding constraints, BEA will endeavor to continue updating these statistics in the future as well as produce state estimates and other extensions to this satellite account.

 


  1. RVing relates to recreational vehicle activity.
  2. Real or chained (2012) dollar series are calculated as the product of the chain-type quantity index and the 2012 current-dollar value of the corresponding series, divided by 100. Because the formula for the chain-type quantity indexes uses weights of more than one period, the corresponding chained-dollar estimates are usually not additive and should at times be used cautiously in calculating price-adjusted shares of higher level aggregates.
  3. ATVing relates to all terrain vehicle activity.

 

Table 1. Outdoor Recreation Nominal Value Added by Industry
[Millions of current dollars]
Line   2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
1 All industries 357,446 370,286 380,409 399,918 412,013
2 Private industries 335,834 347,666 357,108 375,999 387,433
3 Agriculture, forestry, fishing, and hunting 6,837 7,506 7,924 8,475 9,091
4 Farms 4,997 5,369 6,028 5,996 6,262
5 Forestry, fishing, and related activities 1,840 2,137 1,896 2,478 2,829
6 Mining 234 194 168 115 104
7 Oil and gas extraction 37 44 52 33 32
8 Mining, except oil and gas 188 141 106 75 68
9 Support activities for mining 9 10 10 7 4
10 Utilities 4 4 4 4 4
11 Construction 6,095 6,126 6,442 7,408 8,054
12 Manufacturing 53,511 55,391 58,181 58,926 58,419
13 Durable goods 18,538 19,767 20,469 21,563 22,620
14 Wood products 16 19 18 18 21
15 Nonmetallic mineral products 83 98 95 118 118
16 Primary metals 23 35 37 38 43
17 Fabricated metal products 996 1,280 1,247 1,454 1,589
18 Machinery 1,947 1,701 1,412 1,489 1,454
19 Computer and electronic products 787 835 957 797 1,214
20 Electrical equipment, appliances, and components 661 681 611 669 671
21 Motor vehicles, bodies and trailers, and parts 3,463 3,967 4,214 4,321 4,742
22 Other transportation equipment 6,430 7,077 7,911 8,440 8,657
23 Furniture and related products 154 91 107 88 107
24 Miscellaneous manufacturing 3,979 3,983 3,860 4,131 4,003
25 Nondurable goods 34,973 35,624 37,712 37,363 35,799
26 Food and beverage and tobacco products 6,767 7,035 7,513 7,720 8,015
27 Textile mills and textile product mills 2,131 2,139 2,056 2,263 2,996
28 Apparel and leather and allied products 2,562 3,136 3,319 3,044 3,358
29 Paper products 391 428 427 442 457
30 Printing and related support activities 241 166 197 191 200
31 Petroleum and coal products 16,838 16,448 17,226 16,518 13,335
32 Chemical products 5,700 5,968 6,651 6,829 7,055
33 Plastics and rubber products 343 303 325 358 383
34 Wholesale trade 32,853 33,795 36,726 37,787 37,534
35 Retail trade 82,011 86,659 83,876 87,514 89,625
36 Motor vehicle and parts dealers 8,335 8,617 8,800 10,036 10,435
37 Food and beverage stores 5,207 5,214 5,336 5,623 5,810
38 General merchandise stores 16,017 17,657 17,152 17,562 17,729
39 Other retail 52,452 55,172 52,588 54,294 55,651
40 Transportation and warehousing 27,669 29,907 31,706 34,739 35,481
41 Air transportation 17,727 19,109 20,417 22,496 23,204
42 Rail transportation 653 688 710 741 776
43 Water transportation 2,265 2,797 2,921 3,083 3,109
44 Truck transportation 3,791 3,970 4,285 4,830 4,780
45 Transit and ground passenger transportation 2,069 2,085 2,039 2,094 2,154
46 Pipeline transportation 393 413 455 494 503
47 Other transportation and support activities 741 813 844 962 915
48 Warehousing and storage 30 32 35 39 41
49 Information 1,600 1,651 1,685 1,843 2,011
50 Publishing industries, except Internet (includes software) 654 591 606 693 758
51 Motion picture and sound recording industries 71 73 78 84 90
52 Broadcasting and telecommunications 843 950 961 1,016 1,107
53 Data processing, Internet publishing, and other information services 31 37 41 50 55
54 Finance, insurance, real estate, rental, and leasing 20,740 20,798 18,592 20,345 21,459
55 Finance and insurance 3,142 3,069 3,566 4,149 4,334
56 Federal Reserve banks, credit intermediation, and related activities 316 305 306 312 314
57 Securities, commodity contracts, and investments 0 0 0 0 0
58 Insurance carriers and related activities 2,826 2,764 3,260 3,837 4,020
59 Funds, trusts, and other financial vehicles 0 0 0 0 0
60 Real estate and rental and leasing 17,598 17,728 15,026 16,197 17,125
61 Real estate 14,158 14,274 11,501 12,442 13,078
62 Housing 14,142 14,259 11,484 12,424 13,059
63 Other real estate 16 15 17 18 19
64 Rental and leasing services and lessors of intangible assets 3,440 3,454 3,525 3,755 4,047
65 Professional and business services 6,608 6,725 6,681 7,052 7,371
66 Professional, scientific, and technical services 1,275 1,346 1,430 1,563 1,722
67 Legal services 0 0 0 0 0
68 Computer systems design and related services 296 307 294 313 353
69 Miscellaneous professional, scientific, and technical services 979 1,040 1,136 1,249 1,369
70 Management of companies and enterprises 0 0 0 0 0
71 Administrative and waste management services 5,332 5,378 5,251 5,489 5,649
72 Administrative and support services 5,324 5,370 5,243 5,480 5,639
73 Waste management and remediation services 8 8 9 9 10
74 Educational services, health care, and social assistance 4,178 4,251 4,428 4,653 4,885
75 Educational services 3,382 3,453 3,608 3,798 4,019
76 Health care and social assistance 797 799 821 855 867
77 Ambulatory health care services 440 461 472 488 491
78 Hospitals 310 296 305 322 330
79 Nursing and residential care facilities 38 34 34 36 37
80 Social assistance 8 9 8 9 9
81 Arts, entertainment, recreation, accommodation, and food services 89,448 90,562 96,298 102,533 108,648
82 Arts, entertainment, and recreation 39,301 41,158 43,817 45,498 48,741
83 Performing arts, spectator sports, museums, and related activities 12,467 12,963 13,996 14,422 15,397
84 Amusements, gambling, and recreation industries 26,834 28,195 29,822 31,076 33,343
85 Accommodation and food services 50,148 49,404 52,480 57,035 59,907
86 Accommodation 27,644 29,719 31,387 34,456 36,028
87 Food services and drinking places 22,504 19,685 21,093 22,579 23,880
88 Other services, except government 4,047 4,096 4,397 4,605 4,747
89 Government 21,612 22,620 23,301 23,919 24,580
90 Federal 2,790 3,067 2,914 2,910 3,095
91 General government 2,769 3,048 2,896 2,874 3,053
92 National defense 1 1 1 1 1
93 Nondefense 2,769 3,047 2,895 2,873 3,052
94 Government enterprises 21 19 18 36 42
95 State and local 18,821 19,553 20,387 21,008 21,484
96 General government 18,064 18,654 19,415 19,923 20,315
97 Government enterprises 757 899 972 1,085 1,170
Table 2. Outdoor Recreation Value Added Quantity Index by Industry
[2012=100]
Line   2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
1 All industries 100.000 101.733 102.411 104.003 105.815
2 Private industries 100.000 101.689 102.425 104.188 106.051
3 Agriculture, forestry, fishing, and hunting 100.000 108.229 124.529 140.419 158.665
4 Farms 100.000 107.077 136.949 148.510 167.143
5 Forestry, fishing, and related activities 100.000 111.297 94.680 118.954 135.651
6 Mining 100.000 88.440 78.076 65.669 63.556
7 Oil and gas extraction 100.000 113.654 117.526 134.735 160.154
8 Mining, except oil and gas 100.000 82.160 67.525 50.186 45.832
9 Support activities for mining 100.000 107.195 106.548 80.500 49.476
10 Utilities 100.000 95.589 84.039 82.788 76.854
11 Construction 100.000 95.339 93.706 102.534 105.560
12 Manufacturing 100.000 104.483 108.784 108.708 111.641
13 Durable goods 100.000 102.737 103.829 103.383 105.542
14 Wood products 100.000 124.664 116.162 116.505 134.838
15 Nonmetallic mineral products 100.000 117.523 116.754 137.341 139.026
16 Primary metals 100.000 152.225 160.418 169.568 192.764
17 Fabricated metal products 100.000 115.116 107.867 126.026 136.928
18 Machinery 100.000 85.505 69.362 69.542 68.593
19 Computer and electronic products 100.000 107.038 122.275 105.054 171.252
20 Electrical equipment, appliances, and components 100.000 100.547 89.396 94.251 93.193
21 Motor vehicles, bodies and trailers, and parts 100.000 107.562 109.463 102.663 105.983
22 Other transportation equipment 100.000 105.198 115.269 114.842 112.360
23 Furniture and related products 100.000 57.514 66.386 49.798 57.462
24 Miscellaneous manufacturing 100.000 100.218 95.397 97.951 95.316
25 Nondurable goods 100.000 105.435 111.592 111.740 115.169
26 Food and beverage and tobacco products 100.000 100.665 101.444 95.529 96.837
27 Textile mills and textile product mills 100.000 96.759 93.179 98.657 126.784
28 Apparel and leather and allied products 100.000 119.404 129.737 114.723 126.901
29 Paper products 100.000 110.951 113.681 113.753 114.113
30 Printing and related support activities 100.000 67.809 78.614 72.547 74.374
31 Petroleum and coal products 100.000 108.722 117.962 126.273 127.435
32 Chemical products 100.000 101.224 108.007 102.309 100.269
33 Plastics and rubber products 100.000 88.280 94.516 98.677 104.308
34 Wholesale trade 100.000 94.616 101.431 102.131 101.714
35 Retail trade 100.000 106.056 100.778 102.380 104.111
36 Motor vehicle and parts dealers 100.000 99.171 95.581 111.703 118.038
37 Food and beverage stores 100.000 97.767 96.672 95.406 94.316
38 General merchandise stores 100.000 113.138 112.915 117.191 116.011
39 Other retail 100.000 105.866 98.411 97.154 99.235
40 Transportation and warehousing 100.000 105.437 108.473 109.101 107.400
41 Air transportation 100.000 105.658 108.608 110.925 113.569
42 Rail transportation 100.000 100.552 101.088 99.607 103.208
43 Water transportation 100.000 126.170 133.609 113.963 90.662
44 Truck transportation 100.000 101.266 105.149 109.940 105.891
45 Transit and ground passenger transportation 100.000 91.638 90.435 91.910 89.796
46 Pipeline transportation 100.000 100.400 103.102 106.021 104.472
47 Other transportation and support activities 100.000 106.840 109.635 105.813 87.169
48 Warehousing and storage 100.000 102.031 107.860 111.166 112.185
49 Information 100.000 102.914 104.910 114.093 124.117
50 Publishing industries, except Internet (includes software) 100.000 88.853 90.404 102.545 110.664
51 Motion picture and sound recording industries 100.000 102.138 104.632 110.265 113.618
52 Broadcasting and telecommunications 100.000 113.416 115.458 121.836 133.713
53 Data processing, Internet publishing, and other information services 100.000 118.968 127.871 155.458 173.089
54 Finance, insurance, real estate, rental, and leasing 100.000 97.705 84.548 91.194 94.569
55 Finance and insurance 100.000 95.278 108.635 122.965 121.198
56 Federal Reserve banks, credit intermediation, and related activities 100.000 93.470 93.134 94.238 92.288
57 Securities, commodity contracts, and investments 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
58 Insurance carriers and related activities 100.000 95.480 110.370 126.159 124.409
59 Funds, trusts, and other financial vehicles 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
60 Real estate and rental and leasing 100.000 98.138 80.288 85.575 89.897
61 Real estate 100.000 98.019 76.435 79.591 80.489
62 Housing 100.000 98.018 76.407 79.564 80.459
63 Other real estate 100.000 98.362 102.011 104.760 107.990
64 Rental and leasing services and lessors of intangible assets 100.000 98.629 96.215 110.740 131.754
65 Professional and business services 100.000 100.401 99.048 101.244 102.911
66 Professional, scientific, and technical services 100.000 103.693 108.350 114.423 121.741
67 Legal services 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
68 Computer systems design and related services 100.000 104.284 100.615 107.556 121.060
69 Miscellaneous professional, scientific, and technical services 100.000 103.517 110.578 116.413 122.096
70 Management of companies and enterprises 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
71 Administrative and waste management services 100.000 99.611 96.805 98.057 98.340
72 Administrative and support services 100.000 99.602 96.788 98.035 98.311
73 Waste management and remediation services 100.000 105.867 108.107 112.763 118.007
74 Educational services, health care, and social assistance 100.000 98.759 100.751 103.052 105.630
75 Educational services 100.000 98.340 100.340 102.384 105.357
76 Health care and social assistance 100.000 100.569 102.527 105.993 106.732
77 Ambulatory health care services 100.000 105.699 108.232 111.752 112.244
78 Hospitals 100.000 94.779 96.081 99.749 100.746
79 Nursing and residential care facilities 100.000 88.241 89.368 90.433 91.365
80 Social assistance 100.000 104.239 104.607 108.370 111.089
81 Arts, entertainment, recreation, accommodation, and food services 100.000 98.906 102.077 103.090 105.038
82 Arts, entertainment, and recreation 100.000 102.687 106.744 103.841 106.669
83 Performing arts, spectator sports, museums, and related activities 100.000 101.540 106.759 102.217 104.425
84 Amusements, gambling, and recreation industries 100.000 103.221 106.734 104.606 107.727
85 Accommodation and food services 100.000 95.952 98.438 102.494 103.749
86 Accommodation 100.000 104.850 105.996 112.061 113.494
87 Food services and drinking places 100.000 85.039 89.185 90.746 91.782
88 Other services, except government 100.000 97.512 101.898 102.768 102.684
89 Government 100.000 102.424 102.209 101.185 102.209
90 Federal 100.000 107.967 100.406 98.242 102.903
91 General government 100.000 107.941 100.205 97.743 102.314
92 National defense 100.000 107.248 116.157 114.228 111.886
93 Nondefense 100.000 107.942 100.200 97.738 102.312
94 Government enterprises 100.000 112.185 139.731 192.125 211.315
95 State and local 100.000 101.605 102.467 101.607 102.111
96 General government 100.000 101.272 102.001 101.545 102.079
97 Government enterprises 100.000 109.287 113.106 103.922 103.879
Table 3. Outdoor Recreation Value Added Price Index by Industry
[2012=100]
Line   2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
1 All industries 100.000 101.827 103.920 107.576 108.934
2 Private industries 100.000 101.804 103.818 107.460 108.784
3 Agriculture, forestry, fishing, and hunting 100.000 101.438 93.066 88.274 83.808
4 Farms 100.000 100.341 88.075 80.796 74.969
5 Forestry, fishing, and related activities 100.000 104.362 108.852 113.253 113.386
6 Mining 100.000 94.076 92.219 74.964 70.123
7 Oil and gas extraction 100.000 104.241 120.600 66.460 54.145
8 Mining, except oil and gas 100.000 91.441 83.929 79.481 78.812
9 Support activities for mining 100.000 99.024 98.104 96.547 96.389
10 Utilities 100.000 103.808 106.974 112.749 116.799
11 Construction 100.000 105.418 112.838 118.580 125.305
12 Manufacturing 100.000 99.071 99.947 101.298 97.788
13 Durable goods 100.000 103.786 106.345 112.508 115.612
14 Wood products 100.000 98.497 97.803 98.241 98.601
15 Nonmetallic mineral products 100.000 99.833 97.442 103.162 102.226
16 Primary metals 100.000 99.543 99.603 98.599 97.442
17 Fabricated metal products 100.000 111.677 116.112 115.918 116.598
18 Machinery 100.000 102.175 104.574 109.955 108.864
19 Computer and electronic products 100.000 99.194 99.514 96.451 90.127
20 Electrical equipment, appliances, and components 100.000 102.400 103.399 107.301 108.881
21 Motor vehicles, bodies and trailers, and parts 100.000 106.498 111.166 121.537 129.190
22 Other transportation equipment 100.000 104.627 106.739 114.294 119.834
23 Furniture and related products 100.000 103.303 104.869 114.711 121.506
24 Miscellaneous manufacturing 100.000 99.875 101.695 105.983 105.545
25 Nondurable goods 100.000 96.609 96.630 95.610 88.879
26 Food and beverage and tobacco products 100.000 103.282 109.444 119.420 122.309
27 Textile mills and textile product mills 100.000 103.757 103.515 107.627 110.890
28 Apparel and leather and allied products 100.000 102.508 99.835 103.544 103.287
29 Paper products 100.000 98.591 96.106 99.489 102.546
30 Printing and related support activities 100.000 101.832 103.719 109.047 111.643
31 Petroleum and coal products 100.000 89.846 86.726 77.688 62.144
32 Chemical products 100.000 103.436 108.033 117.103 123.441
33 Plastics and rubber products 100.000 100.126 100.085 105.604 106.914
34 Wholesale trade 100.000 108.722 110.211 112.618 112.322
35 Retail trade 100.000 99.635 101.485 104.231 104.969
36 Motor vehicle and parts dealers 100.000 104.258 110.467 107.797 106.070
37 Food and beverage stores 100.000 102.420 106.001 113.182 118.297
38 General merchandise stores 100.000 97.434 94.834 93.561 95.411
39 Other retail 100.000 99.357 101.879 106.544 106.918
40 Transportation and warehousing 100.000 102.517 105.640 115.081 119.401
41 Air transportation 100.000 102.022 106.046 114.405 115.253
42 Rail transportation 100.000 104.741 107.514 113.774 115.079
43 Water transportation 100.000 97.897 96.529 119.447 151.430
44 Truck transportation 100.000 103.405 107.493 115.885 119.065
45 Transit and ground passenger transportation 100.000 110.006 108.983 110.160 115.962
46 Pipeline transportation 100.000 104.612 112.169 118.596 122.529
47 Other transportation and support activities 100.000 102.805 104.018 122.749 141.732
48 Warehousing and storage 100.000 103.334 107.258 116.960 120.582
49 Information 100.000 100.283 100.427 100.982 101.262
50 Publishing industries, except Internet (includes software) 100.000 101.727 102.500 103.374 104.761
51 Motion picture and sound recording industries 100.000 100.635 104.792 107.748 111.851
52 Broadcasting and telecommunications 100.000 99.289 98.686 98.873 98.209
53 Data processing, Internet publishing, and other information services 100.000 99.612 101.245 101.492 100.601
54 Finance, insurance, real estate, rental, and leasing 100.000 102.633 106.024 107.569 109.409
55 Finance and insurance 100.000 102.531 104.485 107.382 113.825
56 Federal Reserve banks, credit intermediation, and related activities 100.000 103.442 104.096 104.909 107.799
57 Securities, commodity contracts, and investments 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
58 Insurance carriers and related activities 100.000 102.430 104.518 107.600 114.339
59 Funds, trusts, and other financial vehicles 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
60 Real estate and rental and leasing 100.000 102.651 106.342 107.550 108.246
61 Real estate 100.000 102.854 106.274 110.412 114.761
62 Housing 100.000 102.862 106.277 110.419 114.768
63 Other real estate 100.000 96.210 103.220 104.893 108.590
64 Rental and leasing services and lessors of intangible assets 100.000 101.818 106.493 98.561 89.292
65 Professional and business services 100.000 101.367 102.086 105.417 108.395
66 Professional, scientific, and technical services 100.000 101.804 103.477 107.090 110.898
67 Legal services 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
68 Computer systems design and related services 100.000 99.306 98.819 98.471 98.491
69 Miscellaneous professional, scientific, and technical services 100.000 102.562 104.860 109.575 114.480
70 Management of companies and enterprises 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
71 Administrative and waste management services 100.000 101.260 101.732 104.988 107.728
72 Administrative and support services 100.000 101.257 101.730 104.989 107.733
73 Waste management and remediation services 100.000 103.088 103.240 104.899 105.259
74 Educational services, health care, and social assistance 100.000 103.030 105.193 108.074 110.692
75 Educational services 100.000 103.823 106.325 109.711 112.799
76 Health care and social assistance 100.000 99.703 100.460 101.250 101.925
77 Ambulatory health care services 100.000 99.085 99.205 99.325 99.383
78 Hospitals 100.000 100.464 102.418 104.071 105.572
79 Nursing and residential care facilities 100.000 100.788 100.429 103.110 105.511
80 Social assistance 100.000 100.908 99.586 100.111 99.245
81 Arts, entertainment, recreation, accommodation, and food services 100.000 102.365 105.467 111.193 115.639
82 Arts, entertainment, and recreation 100.000 101.985 104.450 111.487 116.267
83 Performing arts, spectator sports, museums, and related activities 100.000 102.402 105.160 113.180 118.276
84 Amusements, gambling, and recreation industries 100.000 101.793 104.122 110.708 115.344
85 Accommodation and food services 100.000 102.673 106.313 110.967 115.146
86 Accommodation 100.000 102.534 107.118 111.228 114.832
87 Food services and drinking places 100.000 102.864 105.101 110.566 115.616
88 Other services, except government 100.000 103.810 106.635 110.729 114.246
89 Government 100.000 102.189 105.489 109.379 111.276
90 Federal 100.000 101.810 104.030 106.176 107.806
91 General government 100.000 101.951 104.368 106.176 107.747
92 National defense 100.000 100.109 100.450 100.563 98.867
93 Nondefense 100.000 101.951 104.370 106.178 107.750
94 Government enterprises 100.000 83.079 62.346 90.976 96.294
95 State and local 100.000 102.247 105.711 109.853 111.789
96 General government 100.000 101.967 105.367 108.612 110.166
97 Government enterprises 100.000 108.678 113.549 137.926 148.767
Table 4. Percent Change in Outdoor Recreation Value Added Price Index by Industry
[Percent]
Line   2013 2014 2015 2016
1 All industries 1.8 2.1 3.5 1.3
2 Private industries 1.8 2.0 3.5 1.2
3 Agriculture, forestry, fishing, and hunting 1.4 −8.3 −5.1 −5.1
4 Farms 0.3 −12.2 −8.3 −7.2
5 Forestry, fishing, and related activities 4.4 4.3 4.0 0.1
6 Mining −5.9 −2.0 −18.7 −6.5
7 Oil and gas extraction 4.2 15.7 −44.9 −18.5
8 Mining, except oil and gas −8.6 −8.2 −5.3 −0.8
9 Support activities for mining −1.0 −0.9 −1.6 −0.2
10 Utilities 3.8 3.0 5.4 3.6
11 Construction 5.4 7.0 5.1 5.7
12 Manufacturing −0.9 0.9 1.4 −3.5
13 Durable goods 3.8 2.5 5.8 2.8
14 Wood products −1.5 −0.7 0.4 0.4
15 Nonmetallic mineral products −0.2 −2.4 5.9 −0.9
16 Primary metals −0.5 0.1 −1.0 −1.2
17 Fabricated metal products 11.7 4.0 −0.2 0.6
18 Machinery 2.2 2.3 5.1 −1.0
19 Computer and electronic products −0.8 0.3 −3.1 −6.6
20 Electrical equipment, appliances, and components 2.4 1.0 3.8 1.5
21 Motor vehicles, bodies and trailers, and parts 6.5 4.4 9.3 6.3
22 Other transportation equipment 4.6 2.0 7.1 4.8
23 Furniture and related products 3.3 1.5 9.4 5.9
24 Miscellaneous manufacturing −0.1 1.8 4.2 −0.4
25 Nondurable goods −3.4 0.0 −1.1 −7.0
26 Food and beverage and tobacco products 3.3 6.0 9.1 2.4
27 Textile mills and textile product mills 3.8 −0.2 4.0 3.0
28 Apparel and leather and allied products 2.5 −2.6 3.7 −0.2
29 Paper products −1.4 −2.5 3.5 3.1
30 Printing and related support activities 1.8 1.9 5.1 2.4
31 Petroleum and coal products −10.2 −3.5 −10.4 −20.0
32 Chemical products 3.4 4.4 8.4 5.4
33 Plastics and rubber products 0.1 0.0 5.5 1.2
34 Wholesale trade 8.7 1.4 2.2 −0.3
35 Retail trade −0.4 1.9 2.7 0.7
36 Motor vehicle and parts dealers 4.3 6.0 −2.4 −1.6
37 Food and beverage stores 2.4 3.5 6.8 4.5
38 General merchandise stores −2.6 −2.7 −1.3 2.0
39 Other retail −0.6 2.5 4.6 0.4
40 Transportation and warehousing 2.5 3.0 8.9 3.8
41 Air transportation 2.0 3.9 7.9 0.7
42 Rail transportation 4.7 2.6 5.8 1.1
43 Water transportation −2.1 −1.4 23.7 26.8
44 Truck transportation 3.4 4.0 7.8 2.7
45 Transit and ground passenger transportation 10.0 −0.9 1.1 5.3
46 Pipeline transportation 4.6 7.2 5.7 3.3
47 Other transportation and support activities 2.8 1.2 18.0 15.5
48 Warehousing and storage 3.3 3.8 9.0 3.1
49 Information 0.3 0.1 0.6 0.3
50 Publishing industries, except Internet (includes software) 1.7 0.8 0.9 1.3
51 Motion picture and sound recording industries 0.6 4.1 2.8 3.8
52 Broadcasting and telecommunications −0.7 −0.6 0.2 −0.7
53 Data processing, Internet publishing, and other information services −0.4 1.6 0.2 −0.9
54 Finance, insurance, real estate, rental, and leasing 2.6 3.3 1.5 1.7
55 Finance and insurance 2.5 1.9 2.8 6.0
56 Federal Reserve banks, credit intermediation, and related activities 3.4 0.6 0.8 2.8
57 Securities, commodity contracts, and investments 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
58 Insurance carriers and related activities 2.4 2.0 2.9 6.3
59 Funds, trusts, and other financial vehicles 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
60 Real estate and rental and leasing 2.7 3.6 1.1 0.6
61 Real estate 2.9 3.3 3.9 3.9
62 Housing 2.9 3.3 3.9 3.9
63 Other real estate −3.8 7.3 1.6 3.5
64 Rental and leasing services and lessors of intangible assets 1.8 4.6 −7.4 −9.4
65 Professional and business services 1.4 0.7 3.3 2.8
66 Professional, scientific, and technical services 1.8 1.6 3.5 3.6
67 Legal services 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
68 Computer systems design and related services −0.7 −0.5 −0.4 0.0
69 Miscellaneous professional, scientific, and technical services 2.6 2.2 4.5 4.5
70 Management of companies and enterprises 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
71 Administrative and waste management services 1.3 0.5 3.2 2.6
72 Administrative and support services 1.3 0.5 3.2 2.6
73 Waste management and remediation services 3.1 0.1 1.6 0.3
74 Educational services, health care, and social assistance 3.0 2.1 2.7 2.4
75 Educational services 3.8 2.4 3.2 2.8
76 Health care and social assistance −0.3 0.8 0.8 0.7
77 Ambulatory health care services −0.9 0.1 0.1 0.1
78 Hospitals 0.5 1.9 1.6 1.4
79 Nursing and residential care facilities 0.8 −0.4 2.7 2.3
80 Social assistance 0.9 −1.3 0.5 −0.9
81 Arts, entertainment, recreation, accommodation, and food services 2.4 3.0 5.4 4.0
82 Arts, entertainment, and recreation 2.0 2.4 6.7 4.3
83 Performing arts, spectator sports, museums, and related activities 2.4 2.7 7.6 4.5
84 Amusements, gambling, and recreation industries 1.8 2.3 6.3 4.2
85 Accommodation and food services 2.7 3.5 4.4 3.8
86 Accommodation 2.5 4.5 3.8 3.2
87 Food services and drinking places 2.9 2.2 5.2 4.6
88 Other services, except government 3.8 2.7 3.8 3.2
89 Government 2.2 3.2 3.7 1.7
90 Federal 1.8 2.2 2.1 1.5
91 General government 2.0 2.4 1.7 1.5
92 National defense 0.1 0.3 0.1 −1.7
93 Nondefense 2.0 2.4 1.7 1.5
94 Government enterprises −16.9 −25.0 45.9 5.8
95 State and local 2.2 3.4 3.9 1.8
96 General government 2.0 3.3 3.1 1.4
97 Government enterprises 8.7 4.5 21.5 7.9
Table 5. Outdoor Recreation Nominal Gross Output by Activity
[Millions of current dollars]
Line   2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
1 Total outdoor recreation 679,386 700,298 714,396 716,073 731,364
2 Total core outdoor recreation 341,132 363,246 372,266 380,293 392,987
3 Conventional outdoor recreation 208,496 225,248 232,546 234,153 243,145
4 Bicycling 3,411 3,322 3,360 3,330 3,480
5 Boating/fishing 31,501 33,023 34,234 36,903 38,199
6 Canoeing 117 115 126 131 135
7 Kayaking 499 459 512 521 556
8 Fishing (excludes boating) 4,810 5,283 5,532 6,522 6,360
9 Sailing 1,896 1,974 2,121 2,185 2,419
10 Other boating 24,178 25,191 25,942 27,544 28,729
11 Climbing/hiking/tent camping 6,536 6,913 7,182 7,619 7,756
12 Equestrian 9,017 9,614 10,664 10,454 11,108
13 Hunting/shooting/trapping 9,496 11,723 11,821 13,682 14,546
14 Hunting/trapping 5,180 6,374 6,409 7,493 8,024
15 Shooting (includes archery) 4,316 5,348 5,412 6,189 6,523
16 Motorcycling/ATVing 18,970 18,717 19,047 18,062 19,537
17 Recreational flying 4,335 4,452 4,583 4,154 3,932
18 RVing 26,688 28,428 30,236 30,077 30,831
19 Snow activities 10,470 10,578 10,847 10,560 10,643
20 Skiing 2,829 2,878 3,094 3,314 3,378
21 Snowboarding 2,420 2,498 2,646 2,835 2,986
22 Other snow activities (includes snowmobiling)1 5,221 5,202 5,107 4,412 4,279
23 Other conventional outdoor recreation activities 17,065 17,497 17,272 16,038 16,591
24 Other conventional air and land activities2 15,512 15,900 15,548 14,074 14,804
25 Other conventional water activities3 1,553 1,597 1,724 1,964 1,788
26 Multi-use apparel and accessories (conventional)4 71,009 80,981 83,300 83,274 86,520
27 Other outdoor recreation 132,635 137,998 139,721 146,140 149,842
28 Amusement parks/water parks 14,807 15,628 16,555 18,067 19,228
29 Festivals/sporting events/concerts 22,122 23,058 24,235 25,697 26,481
30 Field sports 6,186 7,010 7,099 7,552 7,778
31 Game areas (includes golfing and tennis) 31,622 32,775 31,756 33,942 36,266
32 Guided tours/outfitted travel 27,256 28,222 29,713 29,326 27,543
33 Air and land guided tours/outfitted travel 15,064 15,966 17,220 17,543 17,242
34 Water guided tours/outfitted travel (includes boating and fishing charters) 12,192 12,257 12,493 11,783 10,302
35 Productive activities (includes gardening) 10,104 10,516 9,538 9,728 9,932
36 Other outdoor recreation activities5 14,839 14,997 15,362 16,254 16,698
37 Multi-use apparel and accessories (other)4 5,700 5,792 5,464 5,575 5,917
38 Supporting outdoor recreation 338,254 337,052 342,130 335,780 338,378
39 Construction 9,527 9,423 9,930 11,503 12,363
40 Local trips6 72,385 73,049 72,934 65,371 63,502
41 Travel and tourism7 224,902 222,369 226,474 225,330 227,959
42 Food and beverages 37,646 31,711 33,238 35,730 37,696
43 Lodging 46,673 48,652 48,565 52,150 54,307
44 Shopping and souvenirs 44,365 45,513 47,433 47,416 48,549
45 Transportation 96,219 96,493 97,240 90,035 87,407
46 Government expenditures 31,439 32,211 32,791 33,576 34,553
47 Federal government 3,947 4,247 4,011 4,036 4,247
48 State and local government 27,492 27,965 28,779 29,540 30,306
Table 6. Outdoor Recreation Gross Output Quantity Index by Activity
[2012=100]
Line   2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
1 Total outdoor recreation 100.000 101.842 102.771 105.452 108.072
2 Total core outdoor recreation 100.000 104.983 106.620 108.806 112.026
3 Conventional outdoor recreation 100.000 106.429 108.984 110.856 115.293
4 Bicycling 100.000 96.847 97.854 96.658 100.143
5 Boating/fishing 100.000 102.551 104.267 113.600 117.233
6 Canoeing 100.000 96.284 103.086 105.190 107.091
7 Kayaking 100.000 89.662 96.993 97.665 102.752
8 Fishing (excludes boating) 100.000 107.267 111.394 129.923 126.615
9 Sailing 100.000 101.963 107.499 108.908 119.062
10 Other boating 100.000 101.955 102.752 111.101 115.586
11 Climbing/hiking/tent camping 100.000 104.215 106.328 110.403 115.639
12 Equestrian 100.000 104.071 112.783 110.650 117.980
13 Hunting/shooting/trapping 100.000 120.464 119.682 137.833 146.356
14 Hunting/trapping 100.000 119.863 118.171 137.051 146.843
15 Shooting (includes archery) 100.000 121.186 121.507 138.764 145.734
16 Motorcycling/ATVing 100.000 98.361 100.397 98.913 106.836
17 Recreational flying 100.000 101.767 105.333 106.057 103.580
18 RVing 100.000 104.756 109.216 109.952 112.538
19 Snow activities 100.000 100.375 102.687 105.951 107.991
20 Skiing 100.000 100.349 106.591 112.171 113.028
21 Snowboarding 100.000 101.608 106.191 111.448 115.918
22 Other snow activities (includes snowmobiling)1 100.000 99.812 98.859 99.643 101.081
23 Other conventional outdoor recreation activities 100.000 101.391 100.575 101.704 108.278
24 Other conventional air and land activities2 100.000 101.467 99.843 99.682 108.453
25 Other conventional water activities3 100.000 100.632 107.731 120.713 108.778
26 Multi-use apparel and accessories (conventional)4 100.000 112.381 115.275 113.371 117.288
27 Other outdoor recreation 100.000 102.706 102.900 105.571 106.943
28 Amusement parks/water parks 100.000 104.262 106.252 111.828 113.826
29 Festivals/sporting events/concerts 100.000 101.931 104.664 104.919 104.637
30 Field sports 100.000 111.333 111.580 116.833 119.585
31 Game areas (includes golfing and tennis) 100.000 102.553 98.321 103.314 109.737
32 Guided tours/outfitted travel 100.000 101.836 105.604 101.953 94.418
33 Air and land guided tours/outfitted travel 100.000 104.376 111.079 110.785 107.481
34 Water guided tours/outfitted travel (includes boating and fishing charters) 100.000 98.703 98.864 91.100 78.397
35 Productive activities (includes gardening) 100.000 104.387 101.387 110.901 117.934
36 Other outdoor recreation activities5 100.000 100.028 101.618 106.874 110.337
37 Multi-use apparel and accessories (other)4 100.000 101.318 95.606 97.844 105.043
38 Supporting outdoor recreation 100.000 98.667 98.880 102.075 104.058
39 Construction 100.000 95.032 95.242 107.115 110.998
40 Local trips6 100.000 100.761 100.639 101.754 102.983
41 Travel and tourism7 100.000 97.815 98.169 101.633 103.632
42 Food and beverages 100.000 82.442 84.420 88.332 91.023
43 Lodging 100.000 101.939 98.277 103.046 104.820
44 Shopping and souvenirs 100.000 101.234 103.402 104.471 107.781
45 Transportation 100.000 100.285 101.151 104.881 105.958
46 Government expenditures 100.000 101.078 101.041 103.869 106.567
47 Federal government 100.000 105.777 97.895 97.506 101.492
48 State and local government 100.000 100.402 101.498 104.794 107.301
Table 7. Outdoor Recreation Gross Output Price Index by Activity
[2012=100]
Line   2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
1 Total outdoor recreation 100.000 101.213 102.318 99.951 99.611
2 Total core outdoor recreation 100.000 101.428 102.351 102.458 102.834
3 Conventional outdoor recreation 100.000 101.508 102.341 101.308 101.150
4 Bicycling 100.000 100.561 100.669 101.015 101.902
5 Boating/fishing 100.000 102.222 104.227 103.122 103.437
6 Canoeing 100.000 102.095 104.245 105.845 107.565
7 Kayaking 100.000 102.563 105.770 106.890 108.469
8 Fishing (excludes boating) 100.000 102.397 103.250 104.368 104.427
9 Sailing 100.000 102.089 104.056 105.798 107.145
10 Other boating 100.000 102.191 104.421 102.536 102.798
11 Climbing/hiking/tent camping 100.000 101.503 103.351 105.596 102.623
12 Equestrian 100.000 102.457 104.863 104.780 104.417
13 Hunting/shooting/trapping 100.000 102.480 104.011 104.534 104.668
14 Hunting/trapping 100.000 102.671 104.704 105.554 105.495
15 Shooting (includes archery) 100.000 102.253 103.192 103.331 103.695
16 Motorcycling/ATVing 100.000 100.314 100.014 96.259 96.401
17 Recreational flying 100.000 100.901 100.368 90.345 87.572
18 RVing 100.000 101.685 103.737 102.499 102.655
19 Snow activities 100.000 100.653 100.886 95.199 94.132
20 Skiing 100.000 101.364 102.596 104.420 105.649
21 Snowboarding 100.000 101.590 102.962 105.137 106.457
22 Other snow activities (includes snowmobiling)1 100.000 99.829 98.945 84.796 81.076
23 Other conventional outdoor recreation activities 100.000 101.127 100.637 92.406 89.792
24 Other conventional air and land activities2 100.000 101.019 100.392 91.019 87.995
25 Other conventional water activities3 100.000 102.212 103.044 104.760 105.834
26 Multi-use apparel and accessories (conventional)4 100.000 101.479 101.764 103.442 103.884
27 Other outdoor recreation 100.000 101.302 102.373 104.368 105.638
28 Amusement parks/water parks 100.000 101.225 105.222 109.110 114.080
29 Festivals/sporting events/concerts 100.000 102.257 104.670 110.714 114.400
30 Field sports 100.000 101.779 102.847 104.481 105.132
31 Game areas (includes golfing and tennis) 100.000 101.067 102.139 103.895 104.509
32 Guided tours/outfitted travel 100.000 101.679 103.231 105.533 107.028
33 Air and land guided tours/outfitted travel 100.000 101.545 102.915 105.123 106.492
34 Water guided tours/outfitted travel (includes boating and fishing charters) 100.000 101.849 103.644 106.084 107.775
35 Productive activities (includes gardening) 100.000 99.702 93.103 86.811 83.349
36 Other outdoor recreation activities5 100.000 101.039 101.877 102.491 101.990
37 Multi-use apparel and accessories (other)4 100.000 100.308 100.266 99.977 98.829
38 Supporting outdoor recreation 100.000 100.990 102.292 97.252 96.137
39 Construction 100.000 104.071 109.469 112.748 116.987
40 Local trips6 100.000 100.155 100.119 88.753 85.187
41 Travel and tourism7 100.000 101.082 102.577 98.581 97.807
42 Food and beverages 100.000 102.175 104.584 107.446 110.009
43 Lodging 100.000 102.257 105.877 108.432 111.006
44 Shopping and souvenirs 100.000 101.336 103.397 102.302 101.530
45 Transportation 100.000 100.001 99.911 89.219 85.734
46 Government expenditures 100.000 101.363 103.223 102.819 103.132
47 Federal government 100.000 101.720 103.815 104.867 106.019
48 State and local government 100.000 101.311 103.136 102.535 102.734
Table 8. Percent Change in Outdoor Recreation Gross Output Price Index by Activity
[Percent]
Line   2013 2014 2015 2016
1 Total outdoor recreation 1.2 1.1 −2.3 −0.3
2 Total core outdoor recreation 1.4 0.9 0.1 0.4
3 Conventional outdoor recreation 1.5 0.8 −1.0 −0.2
4 Bicycling 0.6 0.1 0.3 0.9
5 Boating/fishing 2.2 2.0 −1.1 0.3
6 Canoeing 2.1 2.1 1.5 1.6
7 Kayaking 2.6 3.1 1.1 1.5
8 Fishing (excludes boating) 2.4 0.8 1.1 0.1
9 Sailing 2.1 1.9 1.7 1.3
10 Other boating 2.2 2.2 −1.8 0.3
11 Climbing/hiking/tent camping 1.5 1.8 2.2 −2.8
12 Equestrian 2.5 2.3 −0.1 −0.3
13 Hunting/shooting/trapping 2.5 1.5 0.5 0.1
14 Hunting/trapping 2.7 2.0 0.8 −0.1
15 Shooting (includes archery) 2.3 0.9 0.1 0.4
16 Motorcycling/ATVing 0.3 −0.3 −3.8 0.1
17 Recreational flying 0.9 −0.5 −10.0 −3.1
18 RVing 1.7 2.0 −1.2 0.2
19 Snow activities 0.7 0.2 −5.6 −1.1
20 Skiing 1.4 1.2 1.8 1.2
21 Snowboarding 1.6 1.4 2.1 1.3
22 Other snow activities (includes snowmobiling)1 −0.2 −0.9 −14.3 −4.4
23 Other conventional outdoor recreation activities 1.1 −0.5 −8.2 −2.8
24 Other conventional air and land activities2 1.0 −0.6 −9.3 −3.3
25 Other conventional water activities3 2.2 0.8 1.7 1.0
26 Multi-use apparel and accessories (conventional)4 1.5 0.3 1.6 0.4
27 Other outdoor recreation 1.3 1.1 1.9 1.2
28 Amusement parks/water parks 1.2 3.9 3.7 4.6
29 Festivals/sporting events/concerts 2.3 2.4 5.8 3.3
30 Field sports 1.8 1.0 1.6 0.6
31 Game areas (includes golfing and tennis) 1.1 1.1 1.7 0.6
32 Guided tours/outfitted travel 1.7 1.5 2.2 1.4
33 Air and land guided tours/outfitted travel 1.5 1.3 2.1 1.3
34 Water guided tours/outfitted travel (includes boating and fishing charters) 1.8 1.8 2.4 1.6
35 Productive activities (includes gardening) −0.3 −6.6 −6.8 −4.0
36 Other outdoor recreation activities5 1.0 0.8 0.6 −0.5
37 Multi-use apparel and accessories (other)4 0.3 0.0 −0.3 −1.1
38 Supporting outdoor recreation 1.0 1.3 −4.9 −1.1
39 Construction 4.1 5.2 3.0 3.8
40 Local trips6 0.2 0.0 −11.4 −4.0
41 Travel and tourism7 1.1 1.5 −3.9 −0.8
42 Food and beverages 2.2 2.4 2.7 2.4
43 Lodging 2.3 3.5 2.4 2.4
44 Shopping and souvenirs 1.3 2.0 −1.1 −0.8
45 Transportation 0.0 −0.1 −10.7 −3.9
46 Government expenditures 1.4 1.8 −0.4 0.3
47 Federal government 1.7 2.1 1.0 1.1
48 State and local government 1.3 1.8 −0.6 0.2
Table 9. Outdoor Recreation Nominal Gross Output by Industry
[Millions of current dollars]
Line   2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
1 All industries 679,386 700,298 714,396 716,073 731,364
2 Private industries 639,453 659,603 673,015 673,530 687,689
3 Agriculture, forestry, fishing, and hunting 11,333 11,885 13,147 13,366 13,909
4 Farms 8,546 8,615 9,873 9,844 10,112
5 Forestry, fishing, and related activities 2,786 3,270 3,274 3,523 3,797
6 Mining 418 342 300 192 168
7 Oil and gas extraction 60 67 91 48 50
8 Mining, except oil and gas 349 265 200 137 113
9 Support activities for mining 9 10 10 7 4
10 Utilities 6 6 5 5 5
11 Construction 8,495 8,534 8,996 10,332 11,238
12 Manufacturing 157,950 163,429 164,028 142,411 141,350
13 Durable goods 45,027 47,665 49,018 50,410 51,718
14 Wood products 20 25 23 22 27
15 Nonmetallic mineral products 151 173 170 218 210
16 Primary metals 36 52 57 48 61
17 Fabricated metal products 2,272 2,835 2,765 3,203 3,624
18 Machinery 5,189 4,299 3,459 3,560 3,496
19 Computer and electronic products 1,103 1,153 1,313 1,035 1,660
20 Electrical equipment, appliances, and components 1,289 1,247 1,169 1,211 1,166
21 Motor vehicles, bodies and trailers, and parts 10,266 11,871 13,017 13,386 13,807
22 Other transportation equipment 16,726 18,075 19,627 19,768 19,522
23 Furniture and related products 361 188 229 183 219
24 Miscellaneous manufacturing 7,614 7,748 7,190 7,776 7,927
25 Nondurable goods 112,924 115,764 115,010 92,001 89,632
26 Food and beverage and tobacco products 18,257 18,622 19,422 19,003 19,231
27 Textile mills and textile product mills 5,526 5,654 5,291 5,890 7,404
28 Apparel and leather and allied products 6,845 10,169 11,724 9,552 12,558
29 Paper products 932 986 980 976 999
30 Printing and related support activities 460 304 356 347 360
31 Petroleum and coal products 70,868 69,817 65,859 44,907 37,179
32 Chemical products 9,210 9,488 10,560 10,524 11,045
33 Plastics and rubber products 824 725 819 800 857
34 Wholesale trade 50,771 53,212 56,687 56,685 55,861
35 Retail trade 134,155 143,244 139,706 145,651 148,727
36 Motor vehicle and parts dealers 13,003 12,759 12,891 14,979 15,389
37 Food and beverage stores 7,389 7,422 7,600 7,955 8,159
38 General merchandise stores 25,351 27,503 26,362 26,763 26,412
39 Other retail 88,413 95,559 92,853 95,953 98,767
40 Transportation and warehousing 63,379 64,475 67,188 67,460 66,499
41 Air transportation 39,876 40,080 41,646 41,027 39,978
42 Rail transportation 1,145 1,174 1,227 1,217 1,228
43 Water transportation 7,583 7,767 8,280 8,553 8,955
44 Truck transportation 7,867 8,256 8,680 8,966 8,862
45 Transit and ground passenger transportation 3,410 3,485 3,477 3,458 3,411
46 Pipeline transportation 431 461 519 592 589
47 Other transportation and support activities 3,020 3,202 3,308 3,594 3,421
48 Warehousing and storage 48 50 50 54 55
49 Information 2,700 2,834 3,011 3,127 3,403
50 Publishing industries, except Internet (includes software) 962 963 980 966 1,032
51 Motion picture and sound recording industries 96 101 104 112 119
52 Broadcasting and telecommunications 1,586 1,709 1,856 1,968 2,164
53 Data processing, Internet publishing, and other information services 56 62 70 81 88
54 Finance, insurance, real estate, rental, and leasing 27,770 28,403 25,824 27,535 28,985
55 Finance and insurance 6,326 6,502 6,934 7,260 7,479
56 Federal Reserve banks, credit intermediation, and related activities 417 420 419 435 446
57 Securities, commodity contracts, and investments 0 0 0 0 0
58 Insurance carriers and related activities 5,909 6,082 6,515 6,825 7,033
59 Funds, trusts, and other financial vehicles 0 0 0 0 0
60 Real estate and rental and leasing 21,443 21,901 18,890 20,275 21,505
61 Real estate 15,844 16,108 12,863 13,983 14,827
62 Housing 15,826 16,091 12,844 13,964 14,807
63 Other real estate 18 17 19 19 20
64 Rental and leasing services and lessors of intangible assets 5,599 5,793 6,027 6,292 6,678
65 Professional and business services 12,118 12,376 12,886 13,947 14,860
66 Professional, scientific, and technical services 1,935 2,034 2,186 2,349 2,606
67 Legal services 0 0 0 0 0
68 Computer systems design and related services 296 307 294 313 353
69 Miscellaneous professional, scientific, and technical services 1,639 1,727 1,892 2,036 2,253
70 Management of companies and enterprises 0 0 0 0 0
71 Administrative and waste management services 10,183 10,343 10,700 11,598 12,254
72 Administrative and support services 10,175 10,334 10,691 11,588 12,244
73 Waste management and remediation services 8 8 9 9 10
74 Educational services, health care, and social assistance 6,768 6,904 7,274 7,700 8,085
75 Educational services 5,956 6,092 6,438 6,831 7,204
76 Health care and social assistance 811 812 835 868 881
77 Ambulatory health care services 441 461 473 489 491
78 Hospitals 322 306 317 333 342
79 Nursing and residential care facilities 41 36 37 38 39
80 Social assistance 8 9 8 9 9
81 Arts, entertainment, recreation, accommodation, and food services 157,658 157,944 167,583 178,518 187,704
82 Arts, entertainment, and recreation 73,162 76,466 80,158 85,542 90,643
83 Performing arts, spectator sports, museums, and related activities 20,641 21,475 22,616 24,144 24,880
84 Amusements, gambling, and recreation industries 52,521 54,991 57,542 61,399 65,764
85 Accommodation and food services 84,496 81,478 87,425 92,976 97,061
86 Accommodation 44,269 46,777 50,724 53,423 55,295
87 Food services and drinking places 40,228 34,701 36,701 39,553 41,765
88 Other services, except government 5,932 6,015 6,380 6,600 6,896
89 Government 39,933 40,695 41,381 42,543 43,675
90 Federal 4,315 4,561 4,310 4,312 4,518
91 General government 3,966 4,263 4,031 4,053 4,272
92 National defense 1 1 1 1 1
93 Nondefense 3,965 4,262 4,030 4,052 4,271
94 Government enterprises 350 298 278 259 245
95 State and local 35,617 36,134 37,071 38,231 39,158
96 General government 33,275 33,865 34,950 36,066 36,923
97 Government enterprises 2,343 2,269 2,121 2,165 2,235
Table 11. Percent Change in Outdoor Recreation Gross Output Quantity Index by Industry
[Percent]
Line   2013 2014 2015 2016
1 All industries 1.8 0.9 2.6 2.5
2 Private industries 1.9 1.0 2.6 2.5
3 Agriculture, forestry, fishing, and hunting 3.6 15.3 7.8 10.3
4 Farms 0.2 22.6 8.4 11.1
5 Forestry, fishing, and related activities 13.9 −3.0 5.9 8.0
6 Mining −14.7 −10.0 −21.1 −7.7
7 Oil and gas extraction 8.9 26.1 −3.7 22.0
8 Mining, except oil and gas −19.6 −20.2 −27.1 −15.9
9 Support activities for mining 7.2 −0.4 −24.5 −38.5
10 Utilities −3.4 −10.9 −1.1 −9.8
11 Construction −3.6 0.1 11.4 4.7
12 Manufacturing 4.1 1.7 1.1 5.0
13 Durable goods 4.3 1.3 1.5 2.1
14 Wood products 25.7 −8.5 −2.9 22.5
15 Nonmetallic mineral products 14.3 −2.0 26.8 −3.3
16 Primary metals 44.1 9.7 −13.6 29.0
17 Fabricated metal products 18.5 −4.6 16.9 13.6
18 Machinery −18.0 −20.6 1.7 −0.7
19 Computer and electronic products 5.3 13.7 −19.0 69.3
20 Electrical equipment, appliances, and components −4.2 −7.0 3.0 −3.9
21 Motor vehicles, bodies and trailers, and parts 13.2 7.6 0.7 1.8
22 Other transportation equipment 6.5 7.3 −0.7 −2.3
23 Furniture and related products −48.7 19.3 −21.9 17.6
24 Miscellaneous manufacturing 1.4 −8.8 6.8 2.5
25 Nondurable goods 4.0 1.8 0.9 6.6
26 Food and beverage and tobacco products 0.0 0.3 −1.4 3.3
27 Textile mills and textile product mills 0.5 −6.9 10.8 24.6
28 Apparel and leather and allied products 46.4 15.1 −19.6 31.0
29 Paper products 5.9 −0.3 0.0 2.1
30 Printing and related support activities −34.8 16.2 −3.0 2.5
31 Petroleum and coal products 2.0 −0.1 6.3 1.1
32 Chemical products 0.8 8.2 −3.4 2.2
33 Plastics and rubber products −12.8 11.9 −1.3 8.0
34 Wholesale trade −1.2 5.1 −1.6 −1.5
35 Retail trade 6.4 −4.1 2.1 1.3
36 Motor vehicle and parts dealers −5.0 −3.4 17.7 3.5
37 Food and beverage stores −1.6 −0.5 −0.2 −0.7
38 General merchandise stores 9.9 −2.8 2.1 −2.7
39 Other retail 7.8 −4.9 0.2 2.3
40 Transportation and warehousing 1.0 3.2 4.7 −0.5
41 Air transportation 0.4 2.7 5.2 0.7
42 Rail transportation −0.6 3.2 0.5 1.6
43 Water transportation 2.8 7.1 2.5 −2.0
44 Truck transportation 3.4 3.4 5.3 −0.5
45 Transit and ground passenger transportation −3.7 0.1 1.5 −3.6
46 Pipeline transportation 2.6 5.8 8.9 −2.7
47 Other transportation and support activities 4.5 2.2 6.5 −7.3
48 Warehousing and storage 3.5 −1.0 9.2 1.7
49 Information 4.6 5.8 3.5 8.7
50 Publishing industries, except Internet (includes software) −1.3 1.1 −2.1 5.6
51 Motion picture and sound recording industries 4.2 0.1 4.7 3.0
52 Broadcasting and telecommunications 7.9 8.6 5.9 10.5
53 Data processing, Internet publishing, and other information services 11.0 11.6 14.6 9.1
54 Finance, insurance, real estate, rental, and leasing −0.1 −11.6 5.5 3.6
55 Finance and insurance 0.9 5.0 2.7 −0.8
56 Federal Reserve banks, credit intermediation, and related activities −2.9 −1.9 2.5 −0.1
57 Securities, commodity contracts, and investments 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
58 Insurance carriers and related activities 1.2 5.5 2.7 −0.9
59 Funds, trusts, and other financial vehicles 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
60 Real estate and rental and leasing −0.4 −16.5 6.6 5.3
61 Real estate −1.1 −22.6 5.0 2.2
62 Housing −1.1 −22.6 5.0 2.2
63 Other real estate −2.4 5.3 1.9 2.9
64 Rental and leasing services and lessors of intangible assets 1.8 0.5 10.2 12.4
65 Professional and business services 0.7 3.0 6.1 4.7
66 Professional, scientific, and technical services 3.3 5.6 4.7 8.0
67 Legal services 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
68 Computer systems design and related services 4.3 −3.5 6.9 12.6
69 Miscellaneous professional, scientific, and technical services 3.1 7.2 4.3 7.3
70 Management of companies and enterprises 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
71 Administrative and waste management services 0.2 2.5 6.4 4.1
72 Administrative and support services 0.2 2.5 6.4 4.1
73 Waste management and remediation services 5.9 2.1 4.3 4.7
74 Educational services, health care, and social assistance −0.4 3.4 3.7 3.2
75 Educational services −0.5 3.6 3.7 3.5
76 Health care and social assistance 0.3 2.0 3.2 0.9
77 Ambulatory health care services 5.7 2.4 3.2 0.5
78 Hospitals −5.5 1.5 3.5 1.3
79 Nursing and residential care facilities −11.8 1.3 0.7 1.6
80 Social assistance 4.2 0.4 3.6 2.5
81 Arts, entertainment, recreation, accommodation, and food services −1.7 3.4 3.4 2.8
82 Arts, entertainment, and recreation 2.7 2.7 2.9 3.4
83 Performing arts, spectator sports, museums, and related activities 1.8 2.9 1.0 −0.3
84 Amusements, gambling, and recreation industries 3.1 2.6 3.6 4.9
85 Accommodation and food services −5.6 4.1 3.8 2.1
86 Accommodation 3.5 4.8 3.1 1.4
87 Food services and drinking places −15.6 3.3 4.9 3.1
88 Other services, except government −1.4 3.9 0.9 2.3
89 Government 0.4 −0.1 2.8 2.2
90 Federal 4.0 −7.4 −0.9 3.6
91 General government 5.7 −7.3 −0.5 4.3
92 National defense 6.3 7.1 −1.7 −2.5
93 Nondefense 5.7 −7.3 −0.5 4.3
94 Government enterprises −15.2 −7.5 −8.1 −6.5
95 State and local 0.0 0.8 3.2 2.0
96 General government 0.4 1.4 3.5 2.1
97 Government enterprises −6.2 −8.0 −1.0 0.7
Table 12. Outdoor Recreation Gross Output Price Index by Industry
[2012=100]
Line   2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
1 All industries 100.000 101.213 102.318 99.951 99.611
2 Private industries 100.000 101.198 102.259 99.745 99.354
3 Agriculture, forestry, fishing, and hunting 100.000 101.223 97.087 91.604 86.457
4 Farms 100.000 100.597 94.062 86.525 80.004
5 Forestry, fishing, and related activities 100.000 103.012 106.295 107.977 107.783
6 Mining 100.000 95.912 93.536 75.827 71.798
7 Oil and gas extraction 100.000 102.903 109.974 60.614 51.779
8 Mining, except oil and gas 100.000 94.402 89.139 83.728 82.422
9 Support activities for mining 100.000 99.031 98.119 96.562 96.396
10 Utilities 100.000 103.387 106.468 110.589 113.999
11 Construction 100.000 104.191 109.729 113.178 117.609
12 Manufacturing 100.000 99.411 98.137 84.249 79.644
13 Durable goods 100.000 101.545 103.054 104.373 104.841
14 Wood products 100.000 99.770 100.243 99.859 100.149
15 Nonmetallic mineral products 100.000 100.549 101.089 101.759 101.454
16 Primary metals 100.000 98.751 99.062 96.299 94.645
17 Fabricated metal products 100.000 105.271 107.566 106.567 106.155
18 Machinery 100.000 101.019 102.384 103.636 102.466
19 Computer and electronic products 100.000 99.245 99.441 96.786 91.699
20 Electrical equipment, appliances, and components 100.000 100.916 101.713 102.315 102.451
21 Motor vehicles, bodies and trailers, and parts 100.000 102.198 104.138 106.321 107.758
22 Other transportation equipment 100.000 101.463 102.637 104.052 105.201
23 Furniture and related products 100.000 101.657 103.489 106.243 108.164
24 Miscellaneous manufacturing 100.000 100.393 102.188 103.482 102.885
25 Nondurable goods 100.000 98.560 96.175 76.241 69.652
26 Food and beverage and tobacco products 100.000 101.979 106.039 105.280 103.097
27 Textile mills and textile product mills 100.000 101.797 102.265 102.746 103.666
28 Apparel and leather and allied products 100.000 101.468 101.602 102.922 103.274
29 Paper products 100.000 99.895 99.513 99.226 99.447
30 Printing and related support activities 100.000 101.326 102.067 102.669 103.697
31 Petroleum and coal products 100.000 96.573 91.181 58.480 47.881
32 Chemical products 100.000 102.165 105.071 108.415 111.331
33 Plastics and rubber products 100.000 100.854 101.891 100.834 99.924
34 Wholesale trade 100.000 106.103 107.597 109.370 109.392
35 Retail trade 100.000 100.359 102.093 104.229 105.055
36 Motor vehicle and parts dealers 100.000 103.265 107.955 106.592 105.796
37 Food and beverage stores 100.000 102.126 105.142 110.269 113.910
38 General merchandise stores 100.000 98.735 97.335 96.761 98.127
39 Other retail 100.000 100.288 102.461 105.676 106.374
40 Transportation and warehousing 100.000 100.698 101.668 97.532 96.577
41 Air transportation 100.000 100.134 101.271 94.874 91.763
42 Rail transportation 100.000 103.137 104.441 103.015 102.395
43 Water transportation 100.000 99.602 99.135 99.895 106.680
44 Truck transportation 100.000 101.453 103.122 101.139 100.440
45 Transit and ground passenger transportation 100.000 106.187 105.811 103.707 106.123
46 Pipeline transportation 100.000 104.167 110.870 116.063 118.720
47 Other transportation and support activities 100.000 101.412 102.525 104.613 107.409
48 Warehousing and storage 100.000 101.495 103.083 101.184 100.433
49 Information 100.000 100.405 100.811 101.186 101.345
50 Publishing industries, except Internet (includes software) 100.000 101.375 102.053 102.698 103.868
51 Motion picture and sound recording industries 100.000 100.774 104.336 106.870 110.442
52 Broadcasting and telecommunications 100.000 99.830 99.875 99.997 99.526
53 Data processing, Internet publishing, and other information services 100.000 100.119 101.551 102.010 101.640
54 Finance, insurance, real estate, rental, and leasing 100.000 102.363 105.267 106.359 108.036
55 Finance and insurance 100.000 101.860 103.435 105.470 109.576
56 Federal Reserve banks, credit intermediation, and related activities 100.000 103.804 105.451 106.789 109.733
57 Securities, commodity contracts, and investments 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
58 Insurance carriers and related activities 100.000 101.726 103.296 105.375 109.554
59 Funds, trusts, and other financial vehicles 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
60 Real estate and rental and leasing 100.000 102.512 105.864 106.607 107.432
61 Real estate 100.000 102.824 106.080 109.867 114.002
62 Housing 100.000 102.831 106.083 109.873 114.009
63 Other real estate 100.000 96.584 103.024 104.668 108.069
64 Rental and leasing services and lessors of intangible assets 100.000 101.640 105.222 99.680 94.140
65 Professional and business services 100.000 101.405 102.504 104.592 106.392
66 Professional, scientific, and technical services 100.000 101.740 103.554 106.317 109.204
67 Legal services 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
68 Computer systems design and related services 100.000 99.306 98.819 98.471 98.491
69 Miscellaneous professional, scientific, and technical services 100.000 102.182 104.395 107.677 111.059
70 Management of companies and enterprises 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
71 Administrative and waste management services 100.000 101.340 102.297 104.251 105.830
72 Administrative and support services 100.000 101.339 102.297 104.250 105.831
73 Waste management and remediation services 100.000 103.088 103.240 104.899 105.259
74 Educational services, health care, and social assistance 100.000 102.456 104.356 106.547 108.412
75 Educational services 100.000 102.830 104.868 107.260 109.294
76 Health care and social assistance 100.000 99.721 100.613 101.309 101.910
77 Ambulatory health care services 100.000 99.088 99.222 99.333 99.386
78 Hospitals 100.000 100.475 102.678 104.098 105.412
79 Nursing and residential care facilities 100.000 100.787 100.944 103.211 105.272
80 Social assistance 100.000 100.908 99.586 100.111 99.245
81 Arts, entertainment, recreation, accommodation, and food services 100.000 101.930 104.567 107.753 110.253
82 Arts, entertainment, and recreation 100.000 101.740 103.885 107.770 110.413
83 Performing arts, spectator sports, museums, and related activities 100.000 102.249 104.632 110.560 114.240
84 Amusements, gambling, and recreation industries 100.000 101.541 103.594 106.693 108.951
85 Accommodation and food services 100.000 102.101 105.198 107.738 110.107
86 Accommodation 100.000 102.053 105.636 107.938 110.176
87 Food services and drinking places 100.000 102.159 104.594 107.457 110.002
88 Other services, except government 100.000 102.862 104.988 107.672 109.974
89 Government 100.000 101.463 103.293 103.326 103.820
90 Federal 100.000 101.625 103.655 104.711 105.863
91 General government 100.000 101.718 103.810 104.848 105.994
92 National defense 100.000 99.951 100.198 100.013 98.008
93 Nondefense 100.000 101.718 103.811 104.849 105.996
94 Government enterprises 100.000 100.456 101.598 102.935 104.183
95 State and local 100.000 101.443 103.248 103.165 103.586
96 General government 100.000 101.322 103.132 102.852 103.139
97 Government enterprises 100.000 103.230 104.952 108.238 111.011
Table 13. Percent Change in Outdoor Recreation Gross Output Price Index by Industry
[Percent]
Line   2013 2014 2015 2016
1 All industries 1.2 1.1 −2.3 −0.3
2 Private industries 1.2 1.0 −2.5 −0.4
3 Agriculture, forestry, fishing, and hunting 1.2 −4.1 −5.6 −5.6
4 Farms 0.6 −6.5 −8.0 −7.5
5 Forestry, fishing, and related activities 3.0 3.2 1.6 −0.2
6 Mining −4.1 −2.5 −18.9 −5.3
7 Oil and gas extraction 2.9 6.9 −44.9 −14.6
8 Mining, except oil and gas −5.6 −5.6 −6.1 −1.6
9 Support activities for mining −1.0 −0.9 −1.6 −0.2
10 Utilities 3.4 3.0 3.9 3.1
11 Construction 4.2 5.3 3.1 3.9
12 Manufacturing −0.6 −1.3 −14.2 −5.5
13 Durable goods 1.5 1.5 1.3 0.4
14 Wood products −0.2 0.5 −0.4 0.3
15 Nonmetallic mineral products 0.5 0.5 0.7 −0.3
16 Primary metals −1.2 0.3 −2.8 −1.7
17 Fabricated metal products 5.3 2.2 −0.9 −0.4
18 Machinery 1.0 1.4 1.2 −1.1
19 Computer and electronic products −0.8 0.2 −2.7 −5.3
20 Electrical equipment, appliances, and components 0.9 0.8 0.6 0.1
21 Motor vehicles, bodies and trailers, and parts 2.2 1.9 2.1 1.4
22 Other transportation equipment 1.5 1.2 1.4 1.1
23 Furniture and related products 1.7 1.8 2.7 1.8
24 Miscellaneous manufacturing 0.4 1.8 1.3 −0.6
25 Nondurable goods −1.4 −2.4 −20.7 −8.6
26 Food and beverage and tobacco products 2.0 4.0 −0.7 −2.1
27 Textile mills and textile product mills 1.8 0.5 0.5 0.9
28 Apparel and leather and allied products 1.5 0.1 1.3 0.3
29 Paper products −0.1 −0.4 −0.3 0.2
30 Printing and related support activities 1.3 0.7 0.6 1.0
31 Petroleum and coal products −3.4 −5.6 −35.9 −18.1
32 Chemical products 2.2 2.8 3.2 2.7
33 Plastics and rubber products 0.9 1.0 −1.0 −0.9
34 Wholesale trade 6.1 1.4 1.6 0.0
35 Retail trade 0.4 1.7 2.1 0.8
36 Motor vehicle and parts dealers 3.3 4.5 −1.3 −0.7
37 Food and beverage stores 2.1 3.0 4.9 3.3
38 General merchandise stores −1.3 −1.4 −0.6 1.4
39 Other retail 0.3 2.2 3.1 0.7
40 Transportation and warehousing 0.7 1.0 −4.1 −1.0
41 Air transportation 0.1 1.1 −6.3 −3.3
42 Rail transportation 3.1 1.3 −1.4 −0.6
43 Water transportation −0.4 −0.5 0.8 6.8
44 Truck transportation 1.5 1.6 −1.9 −0.7
45 Transit and ground passenger transportation 6.2 −0.4 −2.0 2.3
46 Pipeline transportation 4.2 6.4 4.7 2.3
47 Other transportation and support activities 1.4 1.1 2.0 2.7
48 Warehousing and storage 1.5 1.6 −1.8 −0.7
49 Information 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.2
50 Publishing industries, except Internet (includes software) 1.4 0.7 0.6 1.1
51 Motion picture and sound recording industries 0.8 3.5 2.4 3.3
52 Broadcasting and telecommunications −0.2 0.0 0.1 −0.5
53 Data processing, Internet publishing, and other information services 0.1 1.4 0.5 −0.4
54 Finance, insurance, real estate, rental, and leasing 2.4 2.8 1.0 1.6
55 Finance and insurance 1.9 1.5 2.0 3.9
56 Federal Reserve banks, credit intermediation, and related activities 3.8 1.6 1.3 2.8
57 Securities, commodity contracts, and investments 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
58 Insurance carriers and related activities 1.7 1.5 2.0 4.0
59 Funds, trusts, and other financial vehicles 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
60 Real estate and rental and leasing 2.5 3.3 0.7 0.8
61 Real estate 2.8 3.2 3.6 3.8
62 Housing 2.8 3.2 3.6 3.8
63 Other real estate −3.4 6.7 1.6 3.2
64 Rental and leasing services and lessors of intangible assets 1.6 3.5 −5.3 −5.6
65 Professional and business services 1.4 1.1 2.0 1.7
66 Professional, scientific, and technical services 1.7 1.8 2.7 2.7
67 Legal services 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
68 Computer systems design and related services −0.7 −0.5 −0.4 0.0
69 Miscellaneous professional, scientific, and technical services 2.2 2.2 3.1 3.1
70 Management of companies and enterprises 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
71 Administrative and waste management services 1.3 0.9 1.9 1.5
72 Administrative and support services 1.3 0.9 1.9 1.5
73 Waste management and remediation services 3.1 0.1 1.6 0.3
74 Educational services, health care, and social assistance 2.5 1.9 2.1 1.8
75 Educational services 2.8 2.0 2.3 1.9
76 Health care and social assistance −0.3 0.9 0.7 0.6
77 Ambulatory health care services −0.9 0.1 0.1 0.1
78 Hospitals 0.5 2.2 1.4 1.3
79 Nursing and residential care facilities 0.8 0.2 2.2 2.0
80 Social assistance 0.9 −1.3 0.5 −0.9
81 Arts, entertainment, recreation, accommodation, and food services 1.9 2.6 3.0 2.3
82 Arts, entertainment, and recreation 1.7 2.1 3.7 2.5
83 Performing arts, spectator sports, museums, and related activities 2.2 2.3 5.7 3.3
84 Amusements, gambling, and recreation industries 1.5 2.0 3.0 2.1
85 Accommodation and food services 2.1 3.0 2.4 2.2
86 Accommodation 2.1 3.5 2.2 2.1
87 Food services and drinking places 2.2 2.4 2.7 2.4
88 Other services, except government 2.9 2.1 2.6 2.1
89 Government 1.5 1.8 0.0 0.5
90 Federal 1.6 2.0 1.0 1.1
91 General government 1.7 2.1 1.0 1.1
92 National defense 0.0 0.2 −0.2 −2.0
93 Nondefense 1.7 2.1 1.0 1.1
94 Government enterprises 0.5 1.1 1.3 1.2
95 State and local 1.4 1.8 −0.1 0.4
96 General government 1.3 1.8 −0.3 0.3
97 Government enterprises 3.2 1.7 3.1 2.6